Glossary of Canine Terms

The European Bully Kennel Club writes and revises Breed Standards taking account of the advice of Breed Councils/Parent Clubs. Breed Standards are not changed lightly to avoid “changing the standard to fit the current dogs” and the health and well being of future dogs is always taken into account when new standards are prepared or existing ones altered.

The European Bully Kennel Club standards are concise, uniform in structure and provide a basic description of the perfect specimen. Positive attributes are highlighted. Faults are not usually included but are covered by the standard fault clause “Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog”.

Breed Clubs/Councils provide a fuller picture/explanation by means of illustrated standards, videos and symposia.
This Glossary of Terms provides definitions of canine terminology used in the Breed Standards. It does not intend to define general anatomical terms. Where appropriate, examples are given to direct the reader to the standards in which particular definitions occur.

ABDOMENTHE BELLY OR UNDER SURFACE BETWEEN THE CHEST AND THE HINDQUARTERS.
ACETABULUMTHE CONCAVE LATERAL PORTION OF THE SACRUM THAT ARTICULATES WITH THE HEAD OF THE FEMUR. ANATOMICALLY IMPORTANT IN EVALUATING HIP DYSPLASIA.
ACHONDROPLASIAA FORM OF GENETIC DWARFISM SPECIFICALLY CHARACTERIZED BY ARRESTED DEVELOPMENT OF THE LONG BONES. A DEFECT IN MOST BREEDS AND A REQUISITE IN OTHERS (E.G., DACHSHUNDS AND BASSET HOUNDS).
ACTIONA TERM USED TO DESCRIBE COMPONENT FUNCTIONS OF LOCOMOTION (E.G., ACTION OF THE HOCKS) OR AS A SYNONYM FOR GAIT IN SOME STANDARDS.
AGENTSEE HANDLER.
AGILITY TRIALSAN ORGANIZED COMPETITION AT WHICH DOGS NEGOTIATE A SERIES OF OBSTACLES AND JUMPS IN THREE CLASSES OF INCREASING DIFFICULTY. SUFFIX TITLES ARE EARNED AT EACH LEVEL (NOVICE, OPEN, AND EXCELLENT) BY QUALIFYING A PREDETERMINED NUMBER OF TIMES.
ALBINOA RELATIVELY RARE, GENETICALLY RECESSIVE CONDITION RESULTING IN WHITE HAIR AND PINK EYES.
ALL-BREED SHOWCONFORMATION SHOW WHERE ALL BREEDS ARE EXHIBITED.
ALMOND EYESAN ELONGATED EYE SHAPE, RATHER THAN ROUNDED.
AMBLEA RELAXED, EASY GAIT IN WHICH THE LEGS ON EITHER SIDE MOVE ALMOST, BUT NOT QUITE, AS A PAIR. OFTEN SEEN AS THE TRANSITION MOVEMENT BETWEEN THE WALK AND OTHER GAITS.
ANGULATIONANGLES CREATED BY BONES MEETING AT THEIR GIVEN JOINTS.
ANKLESEE HOCK.
ANKYLOSISABNORMAL IMMOBILITY AND FUSION OF A JOINT. NOTED AS CAUSE OF FAULTY TAILS IN THE GERMAN SHEPHERD DOG STANDARD.
ANTERIORTHE FRONT ASSEMBLY OF THE BODY.
APPEALA REQUEST TO A SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE EBKC'S BOARD OF DIRECTORS TO EITHER NULLIFY OR REDUCE THE LENGTH OF A SUSPENSION.
APPLE HEADA ROUND-SHAPED SKULL.
ARMTHE ANATOMICAL REGION BETWEEN THE SHOULDER AND THE ELBOW. SOMETIMES CALLED THE UPPER ARM.
ARM CARDSEE ARMBAND.
ARMBANDNUMBER WORN ON AN EXHIBITOR'S ARM THAT CORRESPONDS TO THE NUMBER IN THE EVENT CATALOG AND THE JUDGE'S BOOK. THIS NUMBER IS THE IDENTIFIER THAT LINKS THE DOG IN THE RING TO THAT DOG'S INFORMATION AS PUBLISHED IN THE CATALOG. THE NUMBER IS ALSO USED TO ASSOCIATE ANY POINTS, AWARDS, OR PLACEMENTS WITH THE DOG'S EBKC REGISTRATION NUMBER. ALSO CALLED ARM CARD.
ARTICULATIONWHERE TWO OR MORE BONES MEET.
ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATIONTHE INTRODUCTION OF SEMEN INTO THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE TRACT BY ARTIFICIAL MEANS.
ASSISTANT, ASSISTANT HANDLERPERSON AT A DOG SHOW WHO HELPS THE HANDLER CARE FOR THE HANDLER'S DOGS, PREPARE THE DOGS FOR THE RING, AND SHOW THE DOGS.
AUCTIONA PUBLIC SALE AT WHICH PROPERTY OR ITEMS OF MERCHANDISE (HERE APPLIED TO DOG AND DOG ITEMS) ARE SOLD TO THE HIGHEST BIDDER.
B
BACKTHE AREA OF A DOG'S BODY EXTENDING FROM THE WITHERS TO THE CROUP.
BACK TO BACKCONFORMATION/OBEDIENCE: TWO EVENTS HELD BY THE SAME CLUB ON CONSECUTIVE DAYS WITH EBKC APPROVAL. PERFORMANCE: TWO EVENTS HELD ON CONSECUTIVE DAYS AT THE SAME LOCATION, EITHER BY THE SAME CLUB OR BY TWO CLUBS.
BAD MOUTHCROOKED TEETH; WHEN THE MOUTH IS CLOSED, UPPER AND LOWER TEETH DO NOT LINE UP ACCORDING TO THE STANDARD OF THE BREED.
BAITTHE FOOD OR OBJECT THAT AN EXHIBITOR USES TO GET A DOG'S ATTENTION OR TO HAVE IT LOOK ALERT IN THE RING. THE TERM BAIT OR BAITING CAN ALSO BE USED TO DESCRIBE THE ACTION OF GETTING THE DOG'S ATTENTION USING FOOD OR AN OBJECT.
BALANCEWHEN ALL THE PARTS OF THE DOG, MOVING OR STANDING, PRODUCE A HARMONIOUS IMAGE.
BANDOGA CROSS BETWEEN A MASTIFF TYPE DOG AND A BULL BREED TYPE DOG.
BANDY LEGSLEGS THAT BEND OUTWARD.
BARRELA RIB REGION THAT IS ROUND IN CROSS SECTION.
BARREL HOCKSHOCKS THAT TURN OUT, CAUSING THE FEET TO TOE IN. ALSO CALLED SPREAD HOCKS.
BAT EARAN EAR THAT STANDS UP, WITH A BROAD BASE, ROUNDED AT THE TOP, WITH OPENING FACING FORWARD.
BEADYEYES THAT ARE SMALL, ROUND, AND GLITTERING, IMPARTING AN EXPRESSION FOREIGN TO THE BREED.
BEAUTY SPOTA DISTINCT SPOT, USUALLY ROUND, OF COLORED HAIR, SURROUNDED BY THE WHITE SPOT OF THE BLAZE, ON THE TOPSKULL BETWEEN THE EARS (BLENHEIM SPANIEL OR BOSTON TERRIER).
BEE-STING TAILA RELATIVELY SHORT, STRONG, STRAIGHT TAIL THAT TAPERS TO A POINT.
BELLYTHE UNDER SURFACE OF THE ABDOMEN.
BEST IN SHOWAT AN ALL-BREED SHOW, THE ONLY DOG LEFT UNDEFEATED AT THE END OF ALL JUDGING ON THAT DAY.
BEST OF BREEDDOG SELECTED BY THE JUDGE AS THE BEST REPRESENTATIVE OF A PARTICULAR BREED ON THAT DAY.
BEST OF OPPOSITE SEXTHE BEST DOG THAT IS OF THE OPPOSITE SEX TO THE BEST OF BREED WINNER.
BEST OF VARIETYAT AN ALL-BREED SHOW, THE AWARD THAT IS GIVEN IN LIEU OF BEST OF BREED FOR THOSE BREEDS DIVIDED BY VARIETIES. AT SPECIALTY SHOWS, THE BEST OF VARIETY WINNERS ARE JUDGED IN THE BEST OF BREED COMPETITION. THERE ARE NINE BREEDS THAT ARE DIVIDED INTO VARIETIES: COCKERS, BEAGLES, COLLIES, DACHSHUNDS, BULL TERRIERS, MANCHESTER TERRIERS, CHIHUAHUAS, ENGLISH TOY SPANIELS, AND POODLES.
BEST OF WINNERSTHE DOG JUDGED AS BEST BETWEEN THE WINNERS DOG AND WINNERS BITCH.
BIRD OF PREY EYESLIGHT YELLOWISH EYES, USUALLY HARSH IN OUTLOOK.
BITCHA FEMALE DOG.
BITETHE RELATIVE POSITION OF THE UPPER AND LOWER TEETH WHEN THE JAWS ARE CLOSED. BITE POSITIONS INCLUDE SCISSORS, LEVEL, UNDERSHOT, OR OVERSHOT, DEPENDING ON THE BREED.
BLANKETTHE COLOR OF THE COAT ON THE BACK AND UPPER PART OF THE SIDES, BETWEEN THE NECK AND THE TAIL.
BLAZEA WHITE STRIPE RUNNING UP THE CENTER OF THE FACE USUALLY BETWEEN THE EYES.
BLOCKYSQUARE OR CUBE-LIKE FORMATION OF THE HEAD.
BLOODEDA DOG OF GOOD BREEDING; PEDIGREED.
BLUEGRAY. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
BLUE FORMA TERM USED FOR AN INDIVIDUAL DOG REGISTRATION APPLICATION. SEE DOG REGISTRATION APPLICATION.
BLUE MERLEA COLOR PATTERN OF BLACK BLOTCHES OR STREAKS ON A BLUE-GRAY BACKGROUND. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION. SEE MERLE.
BLUE SLIPA TERM USED FOR AN INDIVIDUAL DOG REGISTRATION APPLICATION. SEE DOG REGISTRATION APPLICATION.
BLUESA TERM USED FOR AN INDIVIDUAL DOG REGISTRATION APPLICATION. SEE DOG REGISTRATION APPLICATION.
BLUIESCOLORED PORTIONS OF THE COAT HAVE A DISTINCTIVE BLUISH OR SMOKY CAST. THIS COLORING IS ASSOCIATED WITH EXTREMELY LIGHT OR BLUE EYES AND LIVER OR GRAY EYE RIMS, NOSE, AND LIP PIGMENT. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
BOARDTO FEED, HOUSE, AND CARE FOR A DOG FOR A FEE.
BOBTAILA DOG BORN WITHOUT A TAIL, OR A DOG WITH A TAIL DOCKED VERY SHORT.
BODIED UPMATURE, WELL-DEVELOPED.
BODY LENGTHDISTANCE FROM THE PROSTERNUM (FRONT PORTION OF THE BREASTBONE) TO THE POSTERIOR PORTION OF THE PELVIC GIRDLE.
BONEA TYPE OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT FORMS THE CANINE SKELETON. INFORMALLY USED TO SUGGEST A QUANTITATIVE CHARACTERISTIC OF LIMB BONES IN PROPORTION TO THE OVERALL SIZE OF THE DOG.
BOSSYOVER-DEVELOPMENT OF THE SHOULDER MUSCLES.
BRACETWO OF THE SAME BREED PRESENTED TOGETHER AS A PAIR. PERFORMANCE: TO RUN DOGS TOGETHER IN CERTAIN TYPES OF FIELD EVENTS.
BREAKTERM USED TO DESCRIBE CHANGING OF COAT COLOR FROM PUPPIES TO ADULT STAGES.
BREASTBONESEE STERNUM.
BREECHINGFRINGING OF LONGISH HAIR AT THE BACK BORDERS OF THE THIGH REGIONS.
BREEDA DOMESTIC RACE OF DOGS (SELECTED AND MAINTAINED BY MAN) WITH A COMMON GENE POOL AND CHARACTERIZED APPEARANCE AND FUNCTION.
BREED STANDARDA WORD PICTURE DESCRIBING HOW THE PERFECT DOG OF A BREED SHOULD LOOK, MOVE, AND BEHAVE. THE BREED STANDARD IS OWNED BY THE PARENT CLUB, WITH FULL USE EXTENDED TO THE EBKC.
BREEDERA PERSON WHO BREEDS DOGS. UNDER EBKC RULES, THE BREEDER IS THE OWNER OR THE LESSEE OF THE DAM ON THE DATE OF MATING THAT PRODUCED A LITTER.
BREEDING AGE LIMITSACCORDING TO EBKC RULES, THE DAM MUST BE AT LEAST 12 MONTHS BUT NOT MORE THAN 12 YEARS OLD ON THE DATE OF MATING. THE SIRE MUST BE AT LEAST 8 MONTHS OLD BUT NOT MORE THAN 12 YEARS OLD ON THE DATE OF MATING.
BREEDING PARTICULARSSIRE, DAM, DATE OF BIRTH, SEX, COLOR, ETC.
BRICK-SHAPEDRECTANGULAR.
BRINDLEA MARKING PATTERN USED TO DESCRIBE MANY BREEDS, USUALLY IN CONJUNCTION WITH ANOTHER COLOR. LAYERING OF BLACK HAIRS IN REGIONS OF LIGHTER COLOR (USUALLY, FAWN, BROWN, OR GRAY) PRODUCING A TIGER-STRIPED PATTERN. BRINDLE IS OFTEN USED TO DESCRIBE GREAT DANES, BULLDOGS, AND BOXERS. IN BOXERS, REVERSE BRINDLE MAY OCCUR; I.E., THERE IS SUCH A HEAVY CONCENTRATION OF BLACK STRIPING THAT THE FAWN BACKGROUND COLOR BARELY, ALTHOUGH CLEARLY, SHOWS THROUGH (APPEARS BLACK WITH FAWN STRIPES). COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
BRISKETUSUALLY REFERS TO THE STERNUM, BUT IN SOME STANDARDS IT REFERS TO THE ENTIRE THORAX.
BROCKA BADGER.
BROKEN COLORSELF-COLOR BROKEN BY WHITE OR ANOTHER COLOR. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
BROKEN-HAIREDA ROUGH, WIRY COAT.
BROKEN-UP FACEA RECEDING NOSE, TOGETHER WITH A DEEP STOP, WRINKLE, AND UNDERSHOT JAW, AS IN THE BULLDOG OR PEKINGESE.
BROKERAN INDIVIDUAL OR KENNEL THAT APPEARS IN THE CHAIN OF TITLE FOR A DOG AND WHOSE BUSINESS OPERATIONS LARGELY CONSIST OF BUYING AND SELLING DOGS.
BROOD BITCHFEMALE DOG (BITCH) USED FOR BREEDING.
BROOD BITCH CLASSCLASS WHERE A BROOD BITCH IS SHOWN AND JUDGED WITH AT LEAST TWO OF HER OFFSPRING. JUDGING IS BASED ON THE QUALITY OF THE GET, NOT THE DAM. (A CLUB MAY PERMIT MORE OFFSPRING TO BE SHOWN. THE UPPER LIMIT MUST BE STATED IN THE PREMIUM LIST.)
BROWSTHE RIDGES FORMED ABOVE THE EYES BY FRONTAL BONE CONTOURS.
BRUSHA BUSHY TAIL; A TAIL HEAVY WITH HAIR.
BRUSHINGA GAITING FAULT, WHEN PARALLEL PASTERNS ARE SO CLOSE THAT THE LEGS BRUSH IN PASSING.
BUFFOFF-WHITE TO GOLD. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
BULL NECKA HEAVY NECK, WELL-MUSCLED.
BULLBAITINGAN ANCIENT SPORT IN WHICH A DOG TORMENTED A BULL.
BURRTHE INSIDE OF THE EAR; I.E., THE IRREGULAR FORMATION VISIBLE WITHIN THE CUP.
BUTTERFLYA PARTIALLY UNPIGMENTED NOSE; I.E., DARK, SPOTTED WITH FLESH COLOR.
BUTTOCKSTHE RUMP OR HIPS.
BUTTON EARA SMALL, NEAT EAR WITH THE FLAP FOLDING FORWARD, COVERING THE OPENING OF THE EAR.
BYEAT FIELD TRIALS, AN ODD DOG REMAINING AFTER THE DOGS ENTERED IN A STAKE HAVE BEEN PAIRED IN BRACES BY DRAWING.
C
CAMEL BACKAN ARCHED BACK.
CANCELLATIONEVENT: WHEN AN EVENT IS CANCELLED DUE TO SEVERE CONDITIONS, NATURAL DISASTER, OR CONCERNS FOR PUBLIC SAFETY. THE WELFARE OF THE DOGS AND THE PUBLIC ARE THE MAIN CONSIDERATIONS WHEN CANCELING AN EVENT. EVENT ENTRY: AN EXHIBITOR CANCELS A PREVIOUSLY SUBMITTED ENTRY. NO ENTRY MAY BE CANCELED UNLESS NOTICE OF THE CANCELLATION IS RECEIVED IN WRITIN BY THE SUPERINTENDENT OR THE EVENT SECRETARY PRIOR TO THE CLOSING DATE/HOUR FOR THAT EVENT. AWARD: WINS REMOVED FROM A DOG'S RECORD DUE TO THE DOG'S INELIGIBILITY TO COMPETE. REGISTRATION: THE ACT OF DELETING A DOG OR LITTER FROM EBKC RECORDS AFTER AN INVESTIGATION. NULLIFIES EBKC REGISTRATION OF THE DOG OR PUPPIES AND IMPACTS THE STUD BOOK.
CANIDA FAMILY (CANIDAE) OF CARNIVOROUS ANIMALS INCLUDING DOGS, WOLVES, COYOTES, FOXES, AND JACKALS.
CANINESTHE TWO UPPER AND TWO LOWER LARGE, CONICAL, POINTED TEETH LATERAL TO THE INCISORS AND ANTERIOR TO THE PREMOLARS.
CANTERA GAIT WITH THREE BEATS TO EACH STRIDE, TWO LEGS MOVING SEPARATELY AND TWO AS A DIAGONAL PAIR. SLOWER THAN THE GALLOP AND NOT AS TIRING.
CAPDARKLY SHADED COLOR PATTERN ON THE SKULL OF SOME BREEDS.
CAPELONG, THICK HAIR COVERING THE SHOULDERS.
CARE AND CONDITIONSTHE MINIMUM STANDARD, SET BY THE EBKC, THAT INDIVIDUALS MUST MAINTAIN FOR THEIR ANIMALS AND FACILITIES.
CARPALSBONES OF THE WRIST.
CASE CODECODE THAT PROVIDES A VERY BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF WHAT A SPECIFIC CASE IS ABOUT. LOCATED IN THE UPPER PORTION OF THE CASE INFORMATION SCREEN. ALSO CALLED REASON CODE.
CASE INVOLVEMENT CODEA ONE-LETTER CODE, LOCATED IN THE LOWER PORTION OF THE CASE INFORMATION, THAT IDENTIFIES THE INDIVIDUAL ON THE CASE; FOR EXAMPLE, B=SUBJECT (WHO THE CASE IS ABOUT), C=COMPLAINANT (THE PERSON WHO WROTE IN).
CASTRATETO REMOVE THE TESTICLES OF A MALE DOG.
CAT FOOTNEAT, ROUND FOOT, WITH HIGH-ARCHED TOES HELD CLOSELY TOGETHER.
CATALOGBOOKLET SOLD AT AN EVENT THAT CONTAINS INFORMATION ON INDIVIDUAL DOGS ENTERED IN THE EVENT.
CERTIFICATEDOCUMENT ISSUED TO INDIVIDUAL:WHO HAS SUBMITTED A PROPERLY COMPLETED REGISTRATION OR DOG TRANSFER APPLICATION OR WHOSE DOG HAS WON A PERFORMANCE AWARD.
CHAIN OF TITLETHE COMPLETE SEQUENCE OF OWNERSHIP OF A DOG, INCLUDING THE DATE OF TRANSFER FROM LITTER OWNER (L/O) OR RECORDED OWNER (R/O) TO THE NEW OWNER (N/O).
CHAMPION (CH.)A TITLE CONFERRED ON A DOG BY THE EBKC AS A RESULT OF DEFEATING A SPECIFIED NUMBER OF DOGS IN SPECIFIED COMPETITION AT A SERIES OF EBKC LICENSED OR MEMBER DOG SHOWS.
CHARACTEREXPRESSION, INDIVIDUALITY, AND GENERAL APPEARANCE AND DEPORTMENT AS CONSIDERED TYPICAL OF A BREED.
CHEEKYCHEEKS PROMINENTLY ROUNDED; THICK, PROTRUDING.
CHESTTHE PART OF THE BODY OR TRUNK THAT IS ENCLOSED BY THE RIBS.
CHINA EYEA CLEAR OR SPOTTED BLUE, LIGHT BLUE, OR WHITISH EYE.
CHISELEDCLEAN-CUT IN HEAD, AS CONTRASTED WITH BUMPY OR BULGING OUTLINES, PARTICULARLY BENEATH THE EYES.
CHOPSJOWLS OR PENDULOUS FLESH OF THE LIPS AND JAW.
CHOREAA NERVOUS JERKING CAUSED BY INVOLUNTARY CONTRACTIONS OF THE MUSCLES (MAY BE CAUSED BY DISTEMPER AND/OR HEPATITIS).
CINNAMONLIKE THE COLOR OR THE SPICE OF THE SAME NAME, THIS COLOR IS A LIGHTLY SATURATED, YELLOWISH BROWN. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
CIRCUITA GROUP OF EVENTS CLUSTERED TOGETHER AT THE SAME GROUNDS OR IN THE SAME REGION ON CONSECUTIVE DAYS.
CLIPTHE METHOD OF TRIMMING THE COAT IN SOME BREEDS.
CLIPPINGWHEN PERTAINING TO GAIT, THE BACK FOOT STRIKING THE FRONT FOOT.
CLODDYLOW, THICKSET, COMPARATIVELY HEAVY.
CLOSE MATINGA CONDITION WHERE THERE IS LESS THAN 4 MONTHS AND 15 DAYS BETWEEN EITHER:THE DATE OF MATING OF A PREVIOUSLY REGISTERED LITTER AND THE DATE OF MATING OF A NEWLY SUBMITTED LITTER APPLICATION FOR THE SAME DAM THE WHELPING DATE OF A PREVIOUSLY REGISTERED LITTER AND THE WHELPING DATE OF A NEWLY SUBMITTED LITTER APPLICATION OUT OF THE SAME DAM. WILL CAUSE THE REJECTION OF LITTER APPLICATION FOR QUESTIONING.
CLOSE-COUPLEDCOMPARATIVELY SHORT FROM THE LAST RIB TO THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE HINDQUARTERS; OCCASIONALLY USED TO CHARACTERIZE A COMPARATIVE SHORTNESS FROM WITHERS TO HIPBONES.
CLOSING DATEDAY, MONTH, YEAR AND TIME AFTER WHICH NO ENTRY CAN BE ACCEPTED FOR A PARTICULAR EVENT.
CLUBSORGANIZATIONS APPROVED TO HOLD EVENTS UNDER EBKC RULES AND REGULATIONS. CLUBS PROGRESS THROUGH DIFFERENT DESIGNATIONS AS PART OF THE EBKC APPROVAL PROCESS: SANCTIONED (NEW), LICENSED, AND MEMBER.
CLUSTERFOUR ALL-BREED SHOWS HELD IN FOUR CONSECUTIVE DAYS AT THE SAME LOCATION.
CO-OWNERSONE OR MORE INDIVIDUALS RECORDED IN THE EBKC RECORDS AS THE OWNER OF A DOG.
COARSELACKING REFINEMENT.
COATTHE DOG'S HAIR COVERING. MOST BREEDS HAVE TWO COATS: AN OUTER COAT AND AN UNDERCOAT.
COBBYCOMPACT, WITH A SHORT BODY.
COLLARTHE MARKINGS AROUND THE NECK, USUALLY WHITE. A LEATHER, NYLON, OR CHAIN NECK BAND FOR RESTRAINING OR LEADING A DOG WHEN THE LEASH IS ATTACHED.
COMPACTTERM USED TO DESCRIBE THE FIRMLY JOINED UNION OF VARIOUS BODY PARTS. ALSO USED TO DESCRIBE A SHORT- TO MEDIUM-LENGTH COAT, VERY CLOSE LYING, WITH A DENSE UNDERCOAT AND GIVING A SMOOTH OUTLINE.
COMPLAINANTA CUSTOMER WHO CALLS OR WRITES IN ABOUT A PROBLEM OR DISCREPANCY.
CONDITIONHEALTH AS SHOWN BY THE COAT, SKIN, GENERAL APPEARANCE, AND BEHAVIOR.
CONDITIONS LETTERA LETTER SENT TO A HUMANE SOCIETY, ANIMAL CONTROL, OR GOVERNMENTAL BODY INDICATING THAT AT THE TIME AN EBKC INSPECTION WAS CONDUCTED, THE KENNEL, IN THE OPINION OF THE EBKC INSPECTOR, HAD CONDITIONS THAT WERE UNSAFE OR UNSANITARY.
CONFORMATIONTHE FORM AND STRUCTURE, MAKE AND SHAPE; ARRANGEMENT OF THE PARTS IN CONFORMANCE WITH BREED STANDARDS.
CONFORMATION SHOWDOG SHOW WHERE THE DOGS ARE JUDGED ON HOW CLOSELY THEY ADHERE TO THE BREEDS STANDARD. ALSO KNOWN AS ALL-BREED, GROUP, OR SPECIALTY SHOWS.
CONGENITALPRESENT AT BIRTH; MAY HAVE GENETIC OR ENVIRONMENTAL CAUSES.
CORKYACTIVE, LIVELY, ALERT.
CORRECT LITTER (CL)A REQUEST MADE BY THE LITTER OWNER TO CORRECT A REGISTERED LITTER.
CORRECTED CERTIFICATE (CC)MAY BE REQUESTED ONLY BY THE RECORDED OWNER.
CORRECTED PAPERSPAPERS ISSUED TO THE LITTER OWNER OR RECORDED OWNER OF A DOG WHOSE RECORDS HAVE BEEN CORRECTED BY THE EBKC DUE TO A DISCREPANCY.
CORRECTIONEVENT CORRECTION: AN ADJUSTMENT MADE TO AN EVENT RECORD. CORRECTIONS ARE PUBLISHED IN THE EBKC AWARDS PUBLICATION. REGISTRATION CORRECTION: SEE CORRECT LITTER OR CORRECTED PAPERS.
CORRESPONDING DATETRADITIONAL DAY OF THE WEEK AND MONTH OF THE YEAR TYPICALLY ASSIGNED TO AN EVENT. EACH WEEKEND IN A YEAR IS ASSIGNED A NUMBER FROM 1 (FIRST WEEKEND) TO 52 (LAST WEEKEND). FOR EXAMPLE, IF A CLUB HELD ITS SHOW ON SATURDAY OF THE 25TH WEEKEND OF THE YEAR, THE CORRESPONDING DATE WOULD BE THE DAY AND MONTH CORRESPONDING TO THE SATURDAY OF THE 25TH WEEKEND. PERFORMANCE: DIFFERENT SYSTEMS APPLY TO VARIOUS PERFORMANCE EVENTS.
COUPLINGTHE PART OF THE BODY BETWEEN THE RIBS AND THE PELVIS/HINDQUARTERS; THE LOIN.
COURSINGTHE SPORT OF CHASING PREY WITH SIGHTHOUNDS.
COVERING GROUNDTHE DISTANCE TRAVELED BY A DOG WITH EACH STRIDE AS IT GAITS.
COW-HOCKEDHOCKS TURNING IN, ACCOMPANIED BY TOEING OUT OF REAR FEET.
CRABBINGDOG MOVES WITH ITS BODY AT AN ANGLE TO THE LINE OF TRAVEL. ALSO CALLED SIDEWINDING.
CRANK TAILA TAIL CARRIED DOWN AND RESEMBLING A CRANK IN SHAPE.
CRATEPORTABLE CONTAINER USED FOR SHIPPING, TRANSPORTING, OR HOUSING DOGS. ALSO CALLED CAGE OR KENNEL.
CREAMUSED TO DESCRIBE MANY BREEDS, THIS COLOR IS A LOWLY SATURATED, LIGHT-TO-MEDIUM YELLOW. OFTEN, IT HAS JUST A LITTLE MORE COLOR THAN WHITE. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
CRESTTHE UPPER, ARCHED PORTION OF THE NECK.
CROPPING, CROPTHE CUTTING OR TRIMMING OF EAR LEATHER TO ENCOURAGE IT TO STAND ERECT.
CROSSBREDA DOG WHOSE SIRE AND DAM ARE REPRESENTATIVES OF TWO DIFFERENT BREEDS. A CROSSBRED DOG CANNOT BE REGISTERED BY THE EBKC.
CROSSING OVERUNSOUND GAITING ACTION THAT STARTS WITH TWISTING ELBOWS AND ENDS WITH CRISSCROSSING AND TOEING OUT. ALSO CALLED KNITTING AND PURLINGAND WEAVING.
CROUPTHE REGION OF THE PELVIC GIRDLE, FORMED BY THE SACRUM AND SURROUNDING TISSUE.
CROWNTHE TOP PART OF THE HEAD; THE TOPSKULL.
CRUELTYA CONVICTION OR ADMISSION IN A COURT OR TRIBUNAL OF COMPETENT JURISDICTION, AS A RESULT OF A FINDING BY A FEDERAL OR STATE ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCY, WHEREBY AN INDIVIDUAL WAS FOUND TO HAVE ENGAGED IN CONDUCT THAT WOULD ENDANGER THE LIFE OR HEALTH OF AN ANIMAL OR CAUSE UNDUE SUFFERING.
CRYTHE BAYING OR MUSIC OF THE HOUNDS.
CRYPTORCHIDTHE ADULT WHOSE TESTICLES ARE ABNORMALLY RETAINED IN THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY. BILATERAL CRYPTORCHIDISM INVOLVES BOTH SIDES; I.E., NEITHER TESTICLE HAS DESCENDED INTO THE SCROTUM. UNILATERAL CRYPTORCHIDISM (ALSO CALLED MONORCHID) INVOLVES ONE SIDE ONLY; I.E., ONE TESTICLE IS RETAINED OR HIDDEN, AND ONE IS DESCENDED.
CULOTTETHE LONGER HAIR ON THE BACK OF THE THIGHS.
CURSEE CROSSBRED.
CUSHIONFULLNESS OR THICKNESS OF THE UPPER LIPS. (PEKINGNESE)
CUSTOMER NUMBERAN IDENTIFICATION NUMBER ASSIGNED TO EACH PERSON OR FIRM AT THE FIRST USE OF THE EBKC'S REGISTRATION OR FULFILLMENT SYSTEM.
CYNOLOGYTHE STUDY OF CANINES.
D
DAMTHE FEMALE PARENT.
DAPPLEA MOTTLED OR VARIEGATED COAT COLOR PATTERN. SINGLE DAPPLE IS EXPRESSED AS LIGHTER COLOR AREAS CONTRASTING WITH THE DARKER BASE COLOR, WHICH MAY BE ACCEPTABLE COLOR. LOOKS LIKE THE MERLE EFFECT IN SHELTIES, COLLIES, ETC., EXCEPT THAT IT IS FOUND IN DACHSHUNDS. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
DATE OF MATINGDATE OF SEXUAL COUPLING OF THE DOG AND BITCH.
DATE OF WHELPINGDATE OF BIRTH.
DEADGRASSTAN OR DULL STRAW COLOR. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
DELEGATEA REPRESENTATIVE TO THE EBKC OF A MEMBER CLUB.
DENTITIONFORTY-TWO ADULT TEETH, INCLUDING INCISORS, CANINES, PREMOLARS, AND MOLARS.
DEPTH OF CHESTAN INDICATION OF THE VOLUME OF SPACE FOR HEART AND LUNGS, AND COMMONLY REFERENCED TO THE ELBOW (I.E., ABOVE, AT THE LEVEL OF, OR BELOW).
DEWCLAWAN EXTRA CLAW ON THE INSIDE OF THE LEG; A RUDIMENTARY FIFTH TOE, REMOVED ON MOST BREEDS.
DEWLAPLOOSE, PENDULOUS SKIN UNDER THE THROAT AND NECK.
DIAGONALSRIGHT FRONT AND LEFT REAR LEGS CONSTITUTE THE RIGHT DIAGONAL; LEFT FRONT AND RIGHT REAR LEGS CONSTITUTE THE LEFT DIAGONAL. IN THE TROT, THE DIAGONALS MOVE TOGETHER.
DIEHARDNICKNAME OF THE SCOTTISH TERRIER.
DIGITTOE.
DILUTEWASHED OUT COLOR. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
DISALLOWEDPLACEMENTS/AWARDS REMOVED FROM A DOG'S RECORD FOR A SPECIFIED REASON. FOR CONFORMATION EVENTS, THE DOG IS COUNTED IN COMPUTING POINTS. FOR PERFORMANCE EVENTS, THE DOG MAY OR MAY NOT BE COUNTED, DEPENDING ON THE EVENT.
DISCIPLINEPROCEDURE WHEREBY AN INDIVIDUAL IS SUSPENDED FROM ALL EBKC PRIVILEGES FOR VIOLATIONS OF RULES AND REGULATIONS.
DISH-FACEDA SLIGHT CONCAVENESS OF FOREFACE WHEN VIEWED IN PROFILE.
DISHINGWEAVING.
DISQUALIFYCONFORMATION/OBEDIENCE: A DECISION MADE BY A JUDGE OR AN EVENT COMMITTEE FOLLOWING A DETERMINATION THAT A DOG HAS A CONDITION THAT MAKES IT INELIGIBLE FOR ANY FURTHER COMPETITION UNDER THE DOG SHOW RULES OR OBEDIENCE REGULATIONS, UNDER THE STANDARD FOR ITS BREED OR DUE TO AN UNDESIRABLE FEATURE OF THE DOG THAT RESULTS IN THIS ACTION. SEE ONE-TIME DISQUALIFICATION OR THREE-TIME DISQUALIFICATION. PERFORMANCE: VARIES BY EVENT. CONTACT THE PERFORMANCE DEPARTMENT.
DISTEMPER TEETHTEETH DISCOLORED OR PITTED AS A RESULT OF DISTEMPER OR OTHER DISEASE OR DEFICIENCY.
DIVERGENT HOCKSHOCKS THAT TURN OUT. BARREL HOCKS.
DIVISIONGROUP OF STATES THAT ALL HAVE THE SAME POINT SCHEDULE.
DNAA UNIQUE GENETIC MAKEUP. DNA TESTING IS DONE TO PROVE THE ACTUAL PARENTAGE OF AN ANIMAL.
DNA TESTA TEST TO DETERMINE IDENTITY. THE EBKC HAS USED THIS TEST TO DETERMINE PATERNITY. PERMISSION MUST BE OBTAINED FROM THE EBKC BOARD FOR TESTING, AND THE TESTING MUST BE CONDUCTED BY AN EBKC-APPROVED FACILITY.
DOCKTO SHORTEN THE TAIL.
DOGMALE DOG OR TERM USED TO REFER GENERICALLY TO ALL DOGS, MALE OR FEMALE.
DOG REGISTRATION APPLICATIONUSED TO REGISTER AN INDIVIDUAL DOG OF A REGISTERED LITTER. ALSO CALLED BLUE FORM, BLUE SLIP, OR BLUES.
DOG SHOWSEE CONFORMATION SHOW.
DOMEDEVENLY ROUNDED IN TOPSKULL; CURVED, NOT FLAT.
DOMINOREVERSE FACIAL MASK PATTERN ON SOME BREEDS. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
DORSALTHE PORTION OF THE DOG CARRIED FARTHEST FROM THE SUBSTRATUM (I.E., AWAY FROM THE GROUND) DURING NORMAL LOCOMOTION.
DOUBLE COATAN OUTER COAT RESISTANT TO WEATHER AND PROTECTIVE AGAINST BRUSH AND BRAMBLES, TOGETHER WITH AN UNDERCOAT OF SOFTER HAIR FOR WARMTH AND WATERPROOFING. A DOG WITH THIS TYPE OF COAT CAN ALSO BE REFERRED TO AS A DOUBLE COAT.
DOUBLE DAPPLEVARYING AMOUNTS OF WHITE COLORING OCCURRING OVER THE BODY IN ADDITION TO THE DAPPLE PATTERN. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
DOUBLE GROUPSJUDGING TWO GROUPS SIMULTANEOUSLY AT A CONFORMATION SHOW.
DOUBLE HANDLINGTHE ACT OF SOMEONE, OTHER THAN THE HANDLER, GETTING A DOG'S ATTENTION IN THE RING TO HELP THE DOG TO SHOW OR LOOK BETTER.
DOWN IN PASTERNWEAK OR FAULTY PASTERN SET AT AN INCORRECT ANGLE.
DOWN-FACEDTHE MUZZLE INCLINING DOWNWARDS FROM THE SKULL TO THE TIP OF THE NOSE.
DRAGA TRAIL PREPARED BY DRAGGING ALONG THE GROUND A BAG IMPREGNATED (USUALLY) WITH ANIMAL SCENT.
DRAWINGSELECTION BY LOT OF DOGS TO BE RUN, AND IN WHICH PAIRS, IN A FIELD TRIAL STAKE.
DRIVEA SOLID THRUSTING OF THE HINDQUARTERS, DENOTING SOUND LOCOMOTION.
DROP EARTHE EAR LEATHER FOLDS OVER; NOT ERECT OR PRICK EARS.
DROPPERA BIRD DOG CROSS.
DRY NECKTHE SKIN TAUT, NEITHER LOOSE NOR WRINKLED.
DUAL CHAMPIONA DOG THAT HAS WON BOTH A CONFORMATION AND A FIELD TRIAL CHAMPIONSHIP.
DUDLEY NOSEFLESH-COLORED.
E
EARSTHE AUDITORY ORGAN, CONSISTING OF THREE REGIONS: INNER EAR, MIDDLE EAR, AND THE MOST IMPORTANT PINNA (OR LEATHER), WHICH IS SUPPORTED BY CARTILAGE AND WHICH AFFECTS THE EXPRESSION OF ALL BREEDS.
EAST-WEST FRONTINCORRECT POSITIONING THAT CAUSES THE FEET TO TURN OUTWARDS.
ELBOWTHE POSTERIOR REGION OF THE ARTICULATION BETWEEN THE ARM AND FOREARM.
ELBOWS OUTTURNING OUT OR OFF FROM THE BODY; NOT HELD CLOSE.
ELECTRONIC COLLARA COLLAR THAT PROVIDES A WARNING SOUND AND/OR AN ELECTRIC STIMULATION TO THE DOG UPON RECEIPT OF AN ELECTRONIC SIGNAL GIVEN BY THE USER. USED AS A TRAINING DEVICE.
ELECTRONIC TRANSMISSION OF EVENT RESULTSALL RESULTS FROM AN EVENT ARE ENTERED AND ELECTRONICALLY TRANSMITTED TO THE EBKC BY THE SUPERINTENDENT.
ENTIREA DOG WHOSE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM IS COMPLETE.
ENTROPIONA COMPLEX GENETIC CONDITION THAT RESULTS IN THE TURNING IN OF THE UPPER OR LOWER EYELID, POTENTIALLY RESULTING IN CORNEAL ULCERATION.
ENTRY (SUBMITTAL) SERVICEA SERVICE THAT SUBMITS THE ENTRIES FOR ITS CLIENTS TO A SUPERINTENDENT OR SHOW SECRETARY.
EQUAL MATINGWHEN A LITTER IS REGISTERED AND ANOTHER APPLICATION IS RECEIVED TO REGISTER ANOTHER LITTER FROM THE SAME DAM WITH THE SAME DATE OF BIRTH.
EVEN BITEMEETING OF UPPER AND LOWER INCISORS WITH NO OVERLAP. ALSO CALLED LEVEL BITE.
EVENTA STRUCTURED ACTIVITY TESTING THE CONFORMATION, TRAINING, OR INSTINCTIVE ABILITIES OF PUREBRED DOGS.
EVENT CHAIRMANTHE MEMBER OF THE EVENT-GIVING CLUB WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR PROPER PLANNING, CONDUCTING, AND REPORTING THE RESULTS OF THE EVENT. ANY OF THESE DUTIES MAY BE DELEGATED TO OTHER PEOPLE OR ORGANIZATIONS, SUCH AS THE EVENT SECRETARY OR SUPERINTENDENT, BUT THE EVENT CHAIRMAN IS ULTIMATELY RESPONSIBLE FOR THESE DUTIES.
EVENT COMMITTEECOMMITTEE AT AN EVENT THAT CARRIES THE POWERS OF THE EBKC AND THE CORRESPONDING DUTY TO USE ITS AUTHORITY TO DEAL WITH ANY MISCONDUCT THAT MAY OCCUR IN CONNECTION WITH ITS EVENT. THE COMMITTEE IS COMPRISED OF FIVE MEMBERS OF THE CLUB SPONSORING THE SHOW, WITH ONE HAVING THE DESIGNATION OF CHAIRMAN. ALSO CALLED BENCH SHOW COMMITTEE, OBEDIENCE TRIAL COMMITTEE, OR FIELD TRIAL COMMITTEE.
EVENT COMMITTEE HEARINGA MEANS FOR THE EVENT COMMITTEE TO DEAL WITH ALLEGATIONS CONCERNING CONDUCT DEEMED TO BE PREJUDICIAL TO THE INTERESTS OF PUREBRED DOGS.
EVENT HOURSHOURS OF THE DAY WHEN THE SHOW IS OFFICIALLY OPEN.
EVENT SECRETARYPERSON WHO RECEIVES ENTRIES FOR AN EVENT.
EWE NECKA NECK IN WHICH THE TOPLINE IS CONCAVE RATHER THAN CONVEX.
EXCUSE (DOG)ASKING THE EXHIBITOR TO REMOVE A DOG FROM THE EVENT FOR ANY REASON LISTED IN THE RULES OR REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO COMPETITION. IN CONFORMATION AND OBEDIENCE EVENTS, A DOG THAT IS EXCUSED DOES NOT COUNT AS HAVING BEEN PRESENT IN COMPUTING POINTS. IN PERFORMANCE EVENTS, A DOG THAT IS EXCUSED MAY OR MAY NOT BE COUNTED IN COMPUTING POINTS, DEPENDING ON THE EVENT.
EXERCISE PEN, EX PENA PORTABLE ENCLOSURE THAT ALLOWS DOGS TO EXERCISE WHILE AT DOG SHOWS.
EXHIBITORPERSON WHO OWNS OR CO-OWNS AN ENTRY, OR, IS AN AGENT, HANDLER, OR PROFESSIONAL HANDLER FOR AN ENTRY, AT A DOG SHOW. THE TERM EXHIBITHAS THE SAME SCOPE OF DEFINITION AS EXHIBITOR.
EXPRESSIONTHE GENERAL APPEARANCE OF ALL THE FEATURES OF THE HEAD.
EXTENSIONA SPECIFIED AMOUNT OF TIME GRANTED BY THE EBKC TO AN OWNER TO ENTER A DOG IN AN EVENT PRIOR TO IT BECOMING INDIVIDUALLY REGISTERED. THE REACH (FRONT) AND DRIVE (REAR) THAT THE DOG EXHIBITS DURING MOTION.
EYETEETHTHE UPPER CANINES.
F
FAILURE TO RECEIVE PAPERSCUSTOMERS WHO DID NOT RECEIVE EBKC REGISTRATION PAPERS FROM A BREEDER, BROKER, PET SHOP, OR OTHER DOG OWNER WHEN THEY ACQUIRED THEIR DOG.
FALLHAIR OVERHANGING THE FACE.
FALLOWPALE CREAM TO LIGHT FAWN COLOR; PALE; PALE YELLOW; YELLOW-RED. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
FANCIERA PERSON ESPECIALLY INTERESTED AND ACTIVE IN SOME PHASE OF THE SPORT OF PUREBRED DOG SHOWS.
FANGSSEE CANINES.
FAWNA BROWN, RED-YELLOW WITH HUE OF MEDIUM BRILLIANCE. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
FEATHERINGLONGER FRINGE OF HAIR ON EARS, LEGS, TAIL, OR BODY.
FEMURTHIGH BONE. EXTENDS FROM HIP TO STIFLE.
FETCHTHE RETRIEVE OF GAME BY THE DOG. THE COMMAND TO RETRIEVE GAME.
FIBULAONE OF THE TWO BONES OF THE LEG (I.E., THE LOWER THIGH, SECOND THIGH, OR LOWER LEG).
FIDDLE FRONTFORELEGS OUT AT ELBOWS, PASTERNS CLOSE, AND FEET TURNED OUT. FRENCH FRONT.
FILLED-UP FACESMOOTH FACIAL CONTOURS, FREE OF EXCESSIVE MUSCULAR DEVELOPMENT.
FINISHEDTERM USED TO DESCRIBE WHEN A DOG HAS COMPLETED ITS TITLE REQUIREMENTS.
FIXEDSEE NEUTER. SURGICAL PROCEDURE THAT PERMANENTLY CHANGES THE CARRIAGE OF THE TAIL OR EARS. SUCH A PROCEDURE RENDERS A DOG INELIGIBLE TO COMPETE IN EBKC CONFORMATION EVENTS.
FLAGA LONG TAIL CARRIED HIGH. FEATHERING ON THE TAIL.
FLANKTHE SIDE OF THE BODY BETWEEN THE LAST RIB AND THE HIP.
FLAREA BLAZE THAT WIDENS AS IT APPROACHES THE TOPSKULL.
FLAT-SIDEDRIBS INSUFFICIENTLY ROUNDED AS THEY APPROACH THE STERNUM OR BREASTBONE.
FLEWSUPPER LIP PENDULOUS, PARTICULARLY AT THEIR INNER CORNERS.
FLOATING RIBTHE LAST (OR 13TH RIB), WHICH IS UNATTACHED TO THE OTHER RIBS.
FLUFFIESA COAT OF EXTREME LENGTH WITH EXAGGERATED FEATHERING ON EARS, CHEST, LEGS AND FEET, UNDERPARTS, AND HINDQUARTERS. TRIMMING SUCH A COAT DOES NOT MAKE IT ANY MORE ACCEPTABLE.
FLUSHTO DRIVE BIRDS FROM COVER, TO FORCE THEM TO TAKE FLIGHT; TO SPRING.
FLYING EARSANY CHARACTERISTIC DROP EARS OR SEMI-PRICK EARS THAT STAND OR FLY.
FLYING TROTA FAST GAIT IN WHICH ALL FOUR FEET ARE OFF THE GROUND FOR A BRIEF SECOND DURING EACH HALF STRIDE. BECAUSE OF THE LONG REACH, THE ONCOMING HIND FEET STEP BEYOND THE IMPRINT LEFT BY THE FRONT. ALSO CALLED SUSPENSION TROT.
FOREARMTHE PORTION OF THE FORELIMB BETWEEN THE ARM AND THE WRIST.
FOREFACETHE FRONT PORTION OF THE SKULL THAT ARTICULATES WITH THE CRANIUM.
FOREIGN DOG REGISTRIESREGISTRY ORGANIZATIONS WHOSE PEDIGREES ARE ACCEPTED BY EBKC REGISTRATION FOR IMPORTED DOGS.
FOREQUARTERSTHE COMBINED FRONT ASSEMBLY FROM ITS UPPERMOST COMPONENT, THE SHOULDER BLADE, DOWN TO THE FEET.
FORGERYWHEN ONE INDIVIDUAL FALSELY REPRESENTS ANOTHER INDIVIDUAL'S SIGNATURE.
FORMER OWNER (F/O)ONE WHO TRANSFERRED THE DOG.
FOSTER MOTHERA BITCH USED TO NURSE PUPPIES NOT HER OWN.
FOUL COLORA COLOR OR MARKING NOT CHARACTERISTIC FOR THE BREED. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
FOUNDATION STOCKTHE FIRST GENERATION OF A PARTICULAR BREED REGISTERED WITH THE EBKC.
FOUNDATION STOCK SERVICE®AN OPTIONAL RECORD KEEPING SERVICE FOR ALL PUREBRED BREEDS NOT CURRENTLY REGISTERABLE WITH THE EBKC.
FOXYSHARP EXPRESSION; POINTED NOSE WITH SHORT FOREFACE.
FRAUDSUBMITTING INACCURATE INFORMATION THAT AFFECTS THE EBKC STUD BOOK.
FRENCH CHOKE, MARTINGALEEXAMPLES OF CHOKE COLLARS. SEE TRAINING COLLAR.
FRENCH FRONTSEE FIDDLE FRONT.
FRESH EXTENDED (CHILLED) SEMENSEMEN THAT IS EXTRACTED AND EXTENDED BY A LICENSED VETERINARIAN. THE SEMEN MUST BE EXTRACTED FROM A MALE WITHIN THE USA AND SHIPPED TO A POINT WITHIN THE USA ONLY. THIS TYPE OF SEMEN MUST BE USED WITHIN A SPECIFIED PERIOD OF TIME.
FRILLSEE APRON.
FRINGESSEE FEATHERING.
FROGFACEEXTENDING NOSE ACCOMPANIED BY A RECEDING JAW, USUALLY OVERSHOT.
FRONTTHE FOREPART OF THE BODY AS VIEWED HEAD-ON; I.E., FORELEGS, CHEST, BRISKET, AND SHOULDER LINE.
FRONTAL BONESTHE ANTERIOR BONES OF THE CRANIUM FORMING THE FOREHEAD.
FROZEN SEMENSEMEN THAT IS EXTRACTED, FROZEN, AND STORED FOR FUTURE USE BY A LICENSED VETERINARIAN. THE COLLECTION MUST BE REPORTED TO THE EBKC, AND THE COLLECTOR/STORER MUST BE AN EBKC-APPROVED FACILITY AND IN COMPLIANCE WITH EBKC RECORD KEEPING PRACTICES.
FRPFAILURE TO RECEIVE PAPERS.
FURNISHINGSTHE LONG HAIR ON THE EXTREMITIES (INCLUDING HEAD AND TAIL) OF CERTAIN BREEDS.
FURROWA SLIGHT INDENTATION OF MEDIAN LINE DOWN THE CENTER OF THE SKULL TO THE STOP.
G
GAITTHE PATTERN OF FOOTSTEPS AT VARIOUS RATES OF SPEED, EACH PATTERN DISTINGUISHED BY A PARTICULAR RHYTHM AND FOOTFALL.
GALLOPFASTEST OF DOG GAITS; HAS A FOUR-BEAT RHYTHM AND OFTEN AN EXTRA PERIOD OF SUSPENSION DURING WHICH THE BODY IS PROPELLED THROUGH THE AIR WITH ALL FOUR FEET OFF THE GROUND.
GASKINTHE LOWER OR SECOND THIGH.
GAY TAILA TAIL CARRIED ABOVE THE HORIZONTAL LEVEL OF THE BACK.
GENEALOGYRECORDED FAMILY DESCENT. PEDIGREE.
GESTATION PERIODTHE TIME BETWEEN MATING AND BIRTH (IT AVERAGES 63 DAYS).
GETOFFSPRING.
GOOSE NECKAN ELONGATED, TUBULAR-SHAPED NECK. ALSO CALLED SWAN NECK.
GOOSE RUMPTOO STEEP OR SLOPING A CROUP.
GOOSE STEPACCENTUATED LIFT OF THE FORELIMBS.
GRAND NITE CHAMPION (GNC)A PREFIX TITLE CONFERRED ON DOGS THAT HAVE ACQUIRED A NITE CHAMPIONSHIP TITLE AND HAVE WON THE REQUISITE NUMBER OF FIRST PLACES AT EBKC COONHOUND NIGHT HUNTS.
GRAY FORMTERM USED TO REFER TO THE SUPPLEMENTAL TRANSFER STATEMENT.
GRIZZLEA MIXTURE OF BLACK OR RED HAIRS WITH WHITE HAIRS. FREQUENTLY, A BLUISH-GRAY OR IRON-GRAY COLOR. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
GROOMTO BRUSH, COMB, TRIM, OR OTHERWISE MAKE A DOG'S COAT NEAT.
GROOMING AREASPACE AT A DOG SHOW THAT IS DESIGNATED FOR GROOMING DOGS.
GROUP CLASSA CLASS MADE UP OF DOGS DESIGNATED BEST OF BREED OR BEST OF VARIETY FOR THEIR SPECIFIC GROUP. NO SEPARATE ENTRY IS MADE FOR THIS CLASS. EACH GROUP WINNER IS ELIGIBLE TO COMPETE IN THE BEST IN SHOW COMPETITION.
GROUP SHOWCONFORMATION DOG SHOW, AT WHICH CHAMPIONSHIP POINTS MAY BE AWARDED, THAT PERMITS PARTICIPANTS OR BREEDS EXCLUSIVE TO AN INDIVIDUAL GROUP. EXAMPLES ARE: ALL-TERRIER SHOW, TOY SHOW, ETC.
GROUPSTHE BREEDS AS GROUPED INTO SEVEN DIVISIONS BY THE EBKC TO FACILITATE JUDGING. THE SEVEN GROUPS ARE: SPORTING, HOUND, WORKING, TOY, TERRIER, NON-SPORTING, AND HERDING.
GUARD HAIRSTHE LONGER, SMOOTHER, STIFFER HAIRS THAT GROW THROUGH AND NORMALLY CONCEAL THE UNDERCOAT.
GUN DOGA DOG TRAINED TO FIND OR PURSUE GAME.
H
HACKLESHAIRS ON NECK AND BACK RAISED INVOLUNTARILY IN FRIGHT OR ANGER.
HACKNEY ACTIONA HIGH LIFTING OF THE FRONT FEET ACCOMPANIED BY FLEXING OF THE WRIST LIKE THAT OF A HACKNEY HORSE.
HALLMARKA DISTINGUISHING CHARACTERISTIC.
HANDLERPERSON 18 YEARS OLD OR OLDER, OTHER THAN AN THE OWNER OR CO-OWNER, DESIGNATED BY THE OWNER OR CO-OWNER OF AN ENTERED DOG TO BE THE HANDLER OF, AND THE PERSON RESPONSIBLE FOR, THE DOG AT THE EVENT.
HARD-MOUTHEDA DOG THAT CRUSHES OR RENDERS GAME UNFIT FOR CONSUMPTION.
HARE FOOTFOOT ON WHICH THE TWO CENTER DIGITS ARE APPRECIABLY LONGER THAN THE OUTSIDE AND INSIDE TOES OF THE FOOT, AND THE ARCHING OF THE TOES IS LESS MARKED, MAKING THE FOOT APPEAR LONGER OVERALL.
HARLEQUINPATCHED OR PIED COLORATION, USUALLY BLACK OR GRAY ON WHITE. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
HARNESSA LEATHER OR CLOTH STRAP SHAPED AROUND THE SHOULDERS AND CHEST, WITH A RING AT ITS TOP FOR THE LEAD.
HAUNCH BONESTHE HIP BONES.
HAWA THIRD EYELID OR MEMBRANE ON THE INSIDE CORNER OF THE EYE.
HEADTHE FRONT PORTION OF THE DOG, INCLUDING THE MUZZLE AND THE CRANIUM.
HEAD PLANESVIEWED IN PROFILE, THE CONTOURS OF THE TOP PORTION OF THE SKULL FROM OCCIPUT TO STOP, AND THE FOREFACE FROM STOP TO TIP OF THE NOSE.
HEATSEASONAL PERIOD OF THE FEMALE. ESTRUS, IN SEASON. PERFORMANCE: A COMPETITIVE RUNNING OF DOGS.
HEELCOMMAND TO A DOG TO KEEP CLOSE BESIDE ITS HANDLER.
HEIGHTVERTICAL MEASUREMENT FROM THE WITHERS TO THE GROUND; USUALLY CALLED SHOULDER HEIGHT.
HIGH STANDINGTALL AND UPSTANDING, WITH PLENTY OF LEG.
HINDQUARTERSREAR ASSEMBLY OF THE DOG (PELVIS, THIGHS, HOCKS, AND PAWS).
HIP DYSPLASIAABNORMAL FORMATION OF THE HIP JOINT.
HOCKTHE COLLECTION OF BONES OF THE HIND LEG FORMING THE JOINT BETWEEN THE SECOND THIGH AND THE METATARSUS; THE DOG'S TRUE HEEL.
HOCKING OUTSPREAD HOCKS.
HOCKS WELL LET DOWNHOCK JOINTS CLOSE TO THE GROUND.
HOLTTHE LAIR OF THE FOX OR OTHER ANIMAL IN TREE ROOTS, BANKS, DRAINS, OR SIMILAR HIDEOUTS. LODGE.
HOMEAGAINBRAND NAME FOR MICROCHIPS SOLD BY SCHERING PLOUGH TO VETERINARIANS FOR PERMANENT IDENTIFICATION OF COMPANION ANIMALS.
HONORABLE SCARSSCARS FROM INJURIES SUFFERED AS A RESULT OF WORK.
HOUND GROUPGROUP OF DOGS USED FOR HUNTING GAME BY SCENT OR SIGHT.
HOUND-MARKEDA COLORATION COMPOSED OF WHITE, TAN, OR BLACK. THE GROUND COLOR, USUALLY WHITE, MAY BE MARKED WITH TAN AND/OR BLACK PATCHES ON THE HEAD, BACK, LEGS, AND TAIL. THE EXTENT AND THE EXACT LOCATION OF SUCH MARKINGS, HOWEVER, DIFFER IN BREEDS AND INDIVIDUAL DOGS. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
HUCKLEBONESTOP OF THE HIPBONES.
HUMERUSTHE BONE OF THE ARM (I.E., THE UPPER ARM).
HUNTING TESTSNON-COMPETITIVE FIELD EVENTS FOR FLUSHING BREEDS, RETRIEVING BREEDS, AND POINTING BREEDS.
I
IDENTIFICATIONON-DOG SYSTEM WHEREBY A DOG MAY BE IDENTIFIED TO A RECORD; I.E., MICROCHIP OR TATTOO.
IMPORTED SEMENFROZEN SEMEN THAT IS IMPORTED FROM ANOTHER COUNTRY.
IMPURE BREEDINGSEE CROSSBRED.
IN WHELPPREGNANT.
INBREEDINGTHE MATING OF TWO CLOSELY RELATED DOGS OF THE SAME BREED.
INCAPACITATIONWHEN A RECORDED OWNER IS UNABLE TO SIGN EBKC DOCUMENTS DUE TO AN ILLNESS OR HANDICAP.
INCAPACITATION FORMA FORM COMPLETED BY AN INDIVIDUAL ACTING ON BEHALF OF AN INCAPACITATED PERSON. THE FORM MUST BE NOTARIZED AND WILL NOT CONTAIN THE SIGNATURE OF THE INCAPACITATED PERSON.
INCISORSTHE SIX UPPER AND SIX LOWER FRONT TEETH BETWEEN THE CANINES. THE POINT OF CONTACT FORMS THE BITE.
INDIVIDUAL REGISTRATIONWHEN AN INDIVIDUAL DOG BECOMES EBKC-REGISTERED.
INSPECTION (AMERICAN KENNEL CLUB)AN ON-SITE REVIEW OF AN INDIVIDUAL'S OWNERSHIP, BREEDING, AND LITTER RECORDS. AN INSPECTION OF THE IDENTIFICATION PRACTICES AND KENNEL CONDITIONS.
INSPECTION REPORTA FORM USED BY EBKC INSPECTORS WHEN CONDUCTING AN INSPECTION OF AN INDIVIDUAL'S RECORDS, IDENTIFICATION PRACTICES, AND KENNEL CONDITIONS.
INTERBREEDINGTHE BREEDING TOGETHER OF DOGS OF DIFFERENT BREEDS.
INTERMEDIATE(S)PERSON(S) IN THE CHAIN OF TITLE THAT ARE BETWEEN THE LITTER OWNER(S) AND THE FINAL RECORDED OWNER.
IRISTHE COLORED MEMBRANE SURROUNDING THE PUPIL OF THE EYE.
J
JOWLSFLESH OF THE LIPS AND JAWS.
JUDGEOFFICIAL APPROVED BY THE EBKC TO EVALUATE DOGS IN SPECIFIC EBKC EVENTS.
JUDGE'S BOOKBOOK IN WHICH THE JUDGE RECORDS THE RESULTS FROM THE EVENT BEING OFFICIATED.
JUDGING SCHEDULEA PROGRAM THAT LISTS THE TIME SCHEDULED FOR JUDGING OF EACH BREED OR VARIETY, OBEDIENCE CLASS, AND OTHER CLASSES THAT ARE OFFERED FOR THE EVENT ON THAT DAY. ALSO CALLED JUDGING PROGRAM.
JUNIOR SHOWMANSHIPEBKC-SPONSORED CLASS THAT EVALUATES THE ABILITIES OF THE YOUNG HANDLER, NOT THE QUALITY OF THE DOG.
K
KEELTHE ROUNDED OUTLINE OF THE LOWER CHEST.
KENNELBUILDING OR ENCLOSURE WHERE DOGS ARE KEPT.
KENNEL NAMEREGISTERED OR PROTECTED NAME USED IN A DOG'S REGISTERED NAME. ALSO CALLED PREFIX.
KENNEL REPORTA FORM FILLED OUT BY AN EBKCINSPECTOR DURING AN ON-SITE INSPECTION, NOTING ANY DEFICIENCIES IN THE DOGS OR FACILITIES.
KINK TAILA DEFORMITY OF THE CAUDAL VERTEBRAE PRODUCING A BENT TAIL.
KISS MARKSTAN SPOTS ON THE CHEEKS AND OVER THE EYES. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
KNEESEE STIFLE.
KNEE JOINTSEE STIFLE.
KNEECAPTHE STIFLE, WITH THE BONE KNOWN AS THE PATELLA.
KNUCKLING OVERFAULTY STRUCTURE OF WRIST JOINT ALLOWING IT TO FLEX FORWARD UNDER THE WEIGHT OF THE STANDING DOG.
L
LAMEIRREGULARITY OR IMPAIRMENT OF LOCOMOTION.
LANDSEERTHE BLACK AND WHITE NEWFOUNDLAND DOG, SO-CALLED FROM THE NAME OF THE FAMOUS PAINTER WHO USED SUCH DOGS AS MODELS.
LATERALPERTAINING TO THE SIDE.
LAYBACKTHE ANGLE OF THE SHOULDER BLADE AS COMPARED WITH THE VERTICAL PLANE VIEWED FROM THE SIDE.
LAYONTHE ANGLE OF THE SHOULDER BLADE AS COMPARED WITH THE VERTICAL PLANE VIEWED FROM THE FRONT.
LEADA STRAP, CORD, OR CHAIN ATTACHED TO THE COLLAR OR HARNESS, OR SOMETIMES SIMPLY AROUND THE NECK, FOR THE PURPOSE OF RESTRAINING OR LEADING THE DOG. ALSO CALLED LEASH.
LEASETHE ASSIGNMENT OF BREEDING RIGHTS BY THE RECORDED OWNER OF A BITCH TO ANOTHER PERSON FOR A SPECIFIED PERIOD OF TIME. ONLY BITCHES MAY BE LEASED.
LEASE FORM (EBKC)A FORM THAT MUST BE COMPLETED BY THE RECORDED OWNER AND LESSEE TO ACCOMPLISH THE LEASING OF A BITCH. THIS FORM IS SENT TO THE EBKC BEFORE THE LITTER APPLICATION OR ALONG WITH THE LITTER APPLICATION TO ENSURE THAT THE LESSEE IS RECORDED APPROPRIATELY ON THE LITTER.
LEATHERTHE FLAP OF THE EAR; THE OUTER EAR SUPPORTED BY CARTILAGE AND SURROUNDING TISSUE.
LEGAL OWNERSHIPOWNERSHIP THAT IS GOVERNED UNDER RULES OF LAW.
LEMONUSED TO DESCRIBE POINTERS, THIS COLOR IS A BRILLIANT, MEDIUM-SATURATED YELLOW. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
LESSEETHE PERSON WHO LEASES A DAM.
LESSORTHE PERSON WHO IS THE RECORDED OWNER OF THE DAM AT THE TIME OF LEASING.
LEVEL BITEWHEN THE FRONT TEETH (INCISORS) OF THE UPPER AND LOWER JAWS MEET EXACTLY EDGE TO EDGE. ALSO CALLED PINCER BITE, EQUAL BITE, OR EVEN BITE.
LEVEL GAITDOG MOVES WITHOUT RISE OR FALL OF WITHERS.
LICENSEFORMAL PERMISSION GRANTED BY THE EBKC TO A NON-MEMBER CLUB TO HOLD AN EVENT.
LICENSED CLUBCLUBS APPROVED TO HOLD EVENTS AT WHICH CHAMPIONSHIPS AND/OR TITLES MAY BE WON.
LIENTHE RIGHT TO TAKE AND SELL OR HOLD THE PROPERTY OF A DEBTOR AS SECURITY OR PAYMENT OF A DEBT.
LIMITED REGISTRATIONRESTRICTED REGISTRATION OF OFFSPRING THAT PROHIBITS BOTH EBKC REGISTRATION OF ANY PUPPIES PRODUCED BY THIS DOG AND PARTICIPATION IN CONFORMATION EVENTS. LIMITED REGISTRATION IS ASSIGNED TO A DOG BY ITS BREEDER ON ITS DOG REGISTRATION APPLICATION. IT CAN BE REMOVED ONLY BY THE BREEDER.
LINE BREEDINGTHE PRACTICE OF MATING A DOG TO A MEMBER OF AN EARLIER GENERATION OF THE DOG'S BLOODLINE.
LIPPYPENDULOUS LIPS OR LIPS THAT DO NOT FIT TIGHTLY.
LIST OF FOREIGN REGISTRIESA LIST OF REGISTRIES FROM WHICH THE EBKC MAY ACCEPT DOCUMENTATION TO BE USED IN REGISTERING DOGS WHELPED OUTSIDE OF THE USA IN THE EBKC STUD BOOK. REFER TO THE EBKC SPECIAL REGISTRY SERVICES FOR IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC DOGS FOR AN UPDATED LIST.
LITTERTHE PUPPY OR PUPPIES OF ONE WHELPING.
LITTER APPLICATIONFORM USED TO REGISTER A LITTER.
LITTER COMPLEMENTTHE NUMBER OF PUPPIES IN A LITTER, GENERALLY EXPRESSED IN THE NUMBER BY SEX; FOR EXAMPLE, 3M2F.
LITTER KITA SET OF DOG REGISTRATION APPLICATIONS ISSUED TO THE LITTER OWNER.
LITTER OWNER (L/O)THE RECORDED OWNER(S) OR LESSEE OF THE DAM ON THE WHELPING DATE (BIRTH) OF THE LITTER.
LIVERUSED TO DESCRIBE MANY BREEDS, THIS DEEP, REDDISH BROWN COLOR INCLUDES VARIOUS SHADES OF CHOCOLATE BROWN, FROM LIGHT TO VERY DARK. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
LOADED SHOULDERSEXCESSIVE DEVELOPMENT OF THE MUSCLES ASSOCIATED WITH THE SHOULDER BLADES.
LOINTHE REGION OF THE BODY ASSOCIATED WITH THE LUMBAR PORTIONS OF THE VERTEBRAE COLUMN (I.E., BEHIND THE RIBS AND IN FRONT OF THE PELVIC GIRDLE).
LOOSE SLUNGCONSTRUCTION IN WHICH THE ATTACHMENT OF THE MUSCLES AT THE SHOULDERS IS LOOSER THAN DESIRABLE.
LOWER THIGHSEE SECOND THIGH.
LUMBAR VERTEBRAETHE SEVEN VERTEBRAE OF THE LOIN REGION.
LUMBERINGAN AWKWARD GAIT.
LUXATIONDISLOCATION OF AN ANATOMICAL STRUCTURE.
M
MAD DOGA RABID DOG.
MAHOGANYUSED TO DESCRIBE SEVERAL BREEDS, THIS COLOR IS A MEDIUM-SATURATED, DULL, REDDISH BROWN. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
MAJOR WINA WIN THAT CONSISTS OF 3, 4, OR 5 POINTS IN CONFORMATION EVENTS AND SOME PERFORMANCE EVENTS.
MAKING A WHEELTERM GIVEN TO THE CIRCLING OF THE TAIL OVER THE BACK.
MANAGEMENT DISCIPLINE COMMITTEEEBKC STAFF MEMBERS WHO REVIEW DISCIPLINE FILES AND SET A TERM OF SUSPENSION WITHIN THE BOARD-DIRECTED GUIDELINES.
MANDIBLETHE BONE OF THE LOWER JAW.
MANELONG, THICK HAIR ON TOP AND SIDES OF NECK.
MANTLEDARK-SHADED PORTION OF THE COAT ON SHOULDERS, BACK, AND SIDES.
MANUBRIUMTHE FIRST STERNABRA OF THE CHEST.
MARCEL EFFECTREGULAR CONTINUOUS WAVES (SPECIFIED IN THE AMERICAN WATER SPANIEL STANDARD).
MARKINGSCONTRASTING COLOR OR PATTERN IN A DOG'S COAT.
MASKDARK SHADING ON THE FOREFACE.
MATCH SHOWUSUALLY AN INFORMAL DOG SHOW AT WHICH NO CHAMPIONSHIP POINTS ARE AWARDED.
MATETO BREED A DOG AND BITCH.
MATING DATESEE DATE OF MATING.
MEASURE OUTMEASURED HEIGHT AT WITHERS WAS DETERMINED TO BE OUTSIDE THE LIMITS FOR THAT BREED AS SET FORTH IN THE BREED STANDARD.
MEDIALTOWARD THE MID-LINE OF THE DOG.
MEDIAN LINESEE FURROW.
MERLEA MARKING PATTERN, USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH ANOTHER COLOR, TO DESCRIBE SHETLAND SHEEPDOGS, COLLIES, GREAT DANES, AND AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERDS. THE COLOR IS CHARACTERIZED BY A MARBLING EFFECT OF DARK PATCHES AGAINST A LIGHTER BACKGROUND OF THE SAME COLOR. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
METATARSUSREAR PASTERN.
MICROCHIPA RICE-SIZED DEVICE ENCODED WITH A UNIQUE AND UNALTERABLE NUMBER. THE CHIP IS IMPLANTED JUST UNDER THE SKIN IN THE SCRUFF OF THE NECK AND IS READ BY A SCANNER.
MILK TEETHFIRST TEETH. ALSO CALLED BABY TEETH.
MISCELLANEOUS CLASSTRANSITORY CLASS FOR BREEDS DESIRING TO ADVANCE TO FULL EBKC RECOGNITION.
MISMARKCOAT OR COLOR. A DOG THAT HAS COAT COLORATION OR MARKINGS NOT CONFORMING TO THAT WHICH IS ACCEPTABLE FOR THE BREED.
MOLARSTHE POSTERIOR TEETH OF THE DENTAL ARCADE, WITH TWO ON EACH SIDE IN THE UPPER JAW AND THREE ON EACH SIDE IN THE LOWER JAW IN AN ADULT WITH CORRECT DENTITION.
MOLERAINCOMPLETE, IMPERFECT, OR ABNORMAL OSSIFICATION OF THE SKULL.
MONGRELSEE CROSSBRED.
MONORCHIDA DOG THAT HAS ONE TESTICLE RETAINED OR HIDDEN IN ITS ABDOMINAL CAVITY. SEE CRYPTORCHID.
MOTTLEDPATTERN OF DARK ROUNDISH BLOTCHES ON A LIGHTER BACKGROUND. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
MOVETO GAIT A DOG IN A PATTERN PRESCRIBED BY THE JUDGE.
MOVE-UPEVENTS: DOGS THAT, ACCORDING TO THEIR OWNER'S RECORDS, HAVE COMPLETED THE REQUIREMENTS FOR A CHAMPIONSHIP AFTER THE CLOSING OF ENTRIES FOR THE SHOW (BUT WHOSE CHAMPIONSHIPS ARE UNCONFIRMED BY THE EBKC) MAY BE TRANSFERRED FROM ONE OF THE REGULAR CLASSES TO THE BEST OF BREED OR VARIETY COMPETITION. EVENT RECORDS: IF AN AWARD IN ANY OF THE REGULAR CLASSES IS CANCELED, THE DOG JUDGED IN THE NEXT ORDER OF MERIT WILL BE GIVEN THAT AWARD. THE RESULT OF THE AWARD WILL BE COUNTED THE SAME AS IF IT HAD BEEN THE ORIGINAL AWARD.
MOVING CLOSEWHEN THE HOCKS TURN IN AND PASTERNS DROP STRAIGHT TO THE GROUND AND MOVE PARALLEL TO ONE ANOTHER, THE DOG IS MOVING CLOSE IN THE REAR.
MOVING STRAIGHTTERM DESCRIPTIVE OF BALANCED GAITING IN WHICH ANGLE OF INCLINATION BEGINS AT THE SHOULDER, OR HIP JOINT, AND LIMBS REMAIN RELATIVELY STRAIGHT FROM THESE POINTS TO THE PADS OF THE FEET, EVEN AS LEGS FLEX OR EXTEND IN REACHING OR THRUSTING.
MUTETO RUN MUTE, TO BE SILENT ON THE TRAIL; I.E., TO TRAIL WITHOUT BAYING OR BARKING.
MUZZLETHE HEAD IN FRONT OF THE EYES: NASAL BONE, NOSTRILS, AND JAWS. FOREFACE. A STRAP OR WIRE CAGE ATTACHED TO THE FOREFACE TO PREVENT THE DOG FROM BITING OR FROM PICKING UP FOOD.
MUZZLE BANDWHITE MARKING AROUND THE MUZZLE.
N
NATIONAL SPECIALTYANY EVENT HELD BY THE PARENT CLUB.
NECK WELL SET-ONGOOD NECKLINE, MERGING GRADUALLY WITH WITHERS, FORMING A PLEASING TRANSITION INTO TOPLINE.
NEUTERTO CASTRATE OR SPAY.
NEW OWNER (N/O)PERSON WHO IS APPLYING TO REGISTER OR RECORD THE TRANSFER OF A DOG.
NICKA BREEDING THAT PRODUCES DESIRABLE PUPPIES.
NONBREEDING CONTRACTA LIMITATION SOMETIMES PUT ON A DOG BY ITS BREEDER TO LIMIT BREEDING; THEREFORE, NOT ELIGIBLE TO COMPETE IN EBKC EVENTS. RESTRICTION MAY BE LIFTED BY THE DOG'S BREEDER.
NON-QUALIFYINGA SCORE THAT IS LOWER THAN THE NUMBER DESIGNATED AS A QUALIFYING SCORE.
NOSEORGAN OF OLFACTION. THE ABILITY TO DETECT BY MEANS OF SCENT.
O
OBLIQUE SHOULDERSSHOULDERS WELL LAID BACK.
OBLIQUELY PLACED EYESEYES WITH OUTER CORNERS HIGHER THAN THEIR INNER ONES.
OCCIPUTDORSAL, POSTERIOR POINT OF THE SKULL.
OLD COLONYDOGS IN A PERSON'S POSSESSION AT THE TIME OF THEIR SUSPENSION THAT CANNOT BE USED AT REINSTATEMENT.
ON-DOG IDENTIFICATIONA SYSTEM OF TAGGING, TATTOOING, OR MICROCHIPPING USED TO UNIQUELY IDENTIFY A DOG.
ONE-TIME DISQUALIFICATIONCONFORMATION: PERMANENT DISQUALIFICATION AS A RESULT OF BEING DISQUALIFIED BY A JUDGE ONE TIME. REASONS FOR ONE-TIME DISQUALIFICATION INCLUDE:BLINDNESS DEAFNESS CASTRATION, SPAYED CHANGED BY ARTIFICIAL MEANS ATTACKS OR VICIOUS BEHAVIORDOGS ARE NO LONGER ELIGIBLE TO COMPETE IN SHOWS, UNLESS AND UNTIL, THE OWNER HAS, AFTER APPLICATION TO THE EBKC, RECEIVED OFFICIAL NOTIFICATION FROM THE EBKC THAT THE DOG'S SHOW ELIGIBILITY HAS BEEN REINSTATED.
ORGANIZED COMPETITIONCOMPETITION GOVERNED BY THE RULES OF A CLUB OR SOCIETY, SUCH AS THE EBKC, ORGANIZED TO PROMOTE THE INTERESTS OF PUREBRED DOGS.
ORTHOPEDIC FOUNDATION FOR ANIMALS (OFA)ORGANIZATION, ESTABLISHED IN 1966, THAT DEVELOPED AND MAINTAINS A DATABASE OF HIP DYSPLASIA IN DOGS. OFA HAS EXPANDED THEIR DATABASE TO INCLUDE ELBOW AND EYE EVALUATIONS.
OTTER TAILTHICK AT THE ROOT, ROUND, AND TAPERING, WITH THE HAIR PARTED OR DIVIDED AT THE UNDERSIDE.
OUT AT THE ELBOWSELBOWS TURNING OUT FROM THE BODY AS OPPOSED TO BEING HELD CLOSE.
OUT AT THE SHOULDERSWITH SHOULDER BLADES LOOSELY ATTACHED TO THE BODY, LEAVING THE SHOULDERS JUTTING OUT IN RELIEF AND INCREASING THE BREADTH OF THE FRONT.
OUTCROSSINGTHE MATING OF UNRELATED INDIVIDUALS OF THE SAME BREED.
OVAL CHESTCHEST DEEPER THAN WIDE.
OVERAGE DAMA DAM OVER 12 YEARS OF AGE ON THE DATE OF MATING.
OVERAGE SIREA SIRE OVER 12 YEARS OF AGE ON THE DATE OF MATING.
OVERHANGA HEAVY OR PRONOUNCED BROW.
OVERREACHINGFAULT IN THE TROT CAUSED BY MORE ANGULATION AND DRIVE FROM BEHIND THAN IN FRONT SO THAT THE REAR FEET ARE FORCED TO STEP TO ONE SIDE OF THE FOREFEET TO AVOID INTERFERING OR CLIPPING.
OVERSHOTTHE INCISORS OF THE UPPER JAW PROJECTING BEYOND THE INCISORS OF THE LOWER JAW, THUS RESULTING IN A SPACE BETWEEN THE RESPECTIVE INNER AND OUTER SURFACES.
OVERSUBSCRIPTIONWHEN THE NUMBER OF APPLICATIONS TO REGISTER PUPPIES (COMPLETED DOG REGISTRATION APPLICATIONS) FROM A SPECIFIC LITTER EXCEED THE TOTAL NUMBER OF PUPPIES BY SEX INDICATED ON THE LITTER APPLICATION.
OWNERSHIP DISPUTEA CONFLICT INVOLVING ONE OF MORE PARTIES CONCERNING THE RECORDED OWNERSHIP OF A DOG OR LITTER.
P
PACEA LATERAL GAIT THAT TENDS TO PROMOTE A ROLLING MOTION OF THE BODY. THE LEFT FORELEG AND LEFT HIND LEG ADVANCE IN UNISON, THEN THE RIGHT FORELEG AND RIGHT HIND LEG.
PACKSEVERAL DOGS KEPT TOGETHER IN ONE KENNEL. A MIXED PACK IS MADE UP OF MALES AND FEMALES.
PADDINGA COMPENSATING ACTION TO OFFSET CONSTANT CONCUSSION WHEN A STRAIGHT FRONT IS SUBJECTED TO OVERDRIVE FROM THE REAR; THE FRONT FEET FLIP UPWARD IN A SPLIT-SECOND DELAYING ACTION TO COORDINATE THE STRIDE OF THE FORELEGS WITH THE LONGER STRIDE FROM BEHIND.
PADDLINGA GAITING FAULT, SO NAMED FOR ITS SIMILARITY TO THE SWING AND DIP OF A CANOEISTS PADDLE. PINCHING IN AT THE ELBOWS AND SHOULDER JOINTS CAUSES THE FRONT LEGS TO SWING FORWARD ON A STIFF OUTWARD ARC. ALSO CALLED TIED AT THE ELBOWS.
PADSTOUGH, SHOCK-ABSORBING PROJECTIONS ON THE UNDERSIDE OF THE FEET. SOLES.
PAPER FOOTA FLAT FOOT WITH THIN PADS.
PARENT CLUBA NATIONAL ORGANIZATION TO REPRESENT A SPECIFIC BREED.
PARTI-COLORTWO OR MORE DEFINITE, WELL-BROKEN COLORS, ONE OF WHICH MUST BE WHITE. FOR EXAMPLE, BLACK PARTI-COLOR WOULD BE BLACK AND WHITE. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
PEDIGREETHE WRITTEN RECORD OF A DOG'S GENEALOGY OF THREE GENERATIONS OR MORE.
PELVISHIP BONES, EACH CONSISTING OF THREE FUSED BONES: AN ANTERIOR ILIUM, A VENTRAL PUBIS, AND A POSTERIOR ISCHIUM; COMBINED WITH THE SACRUM FORMING THE PELVIC GIRDLE.
PEN BREEDINGUNWITNESSED MATING THAT OCCURRED BECAUSE THE SIRE AND DAM WERE CONFINED TO THE SAME AREA.
PENALTY FEESFEES SET BY THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS FOR DISCIPLINARY ACTION OR THE SUBMISSION OF LATE APPLICATIONS.
PENCILINGBLACK LINES DIVIDING THE TAN ON THE TOES.
PENDING DISCIPLINETHE PERIOD OF TIME BETWEEN THE MANAGEMENT DISCIPLINE COMMITTEE'S DECISION TO PREFER CHARGES AND THE EBKC BOARD OF DIRECTORS ACTUAL SUSPENSION OF AN INDIVIDUAL.
PENDING HEARINGTHE PERIOD OF TIME BETWEEN AN INDIVIDUAL'S REQUEST FOR A FORMAL HEARING AND WHEN THE HEARING IS ACTUALLY HELD. IN THIS TIME PERIOD, THE ATTORNEYS ARE SETTING THE FORMAL HEARING IN MOTION.
PENNHIPA METHOD, ESTABLISHED IN 1993, OF EVALUATING HIP DYSPLASIA IN DOGS BY CALCULATING HIP LAXITY; WITHIN-BREED RATINGS ARE PROVIDED, PERMITTING BREEDERS TO SELECT DOGS WITH THE BEST (SMALLEST LAXITY) HIPS FOR BREEDING FUTURE GENERATIONS.
PEPPERUSED TO DESCRIBE SEVERAL BREEDS, THIS COLOR IS A LOWLY SATURATED, MEDIUM BRILLIANT BLACK. WHEN COUPLED WITH SALT, IT DESCRIBES THE ALTERNATING BLACK AND WHITE HAIRS OF THE SCHNAUZER BREEDS. ALSO REFERRED TO AS PEPPERING. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
PERMANENT DISQUALIFICATIONTHE DOG MAY NO LONGER COMPETE IN EBKC EVENTS. PERMANENT DISQUALIFICATION OCCURS IF: A DOG IS DISQUALIFIED ON THREE SEPARATE OCCASIONS BY THREE DIFFERENT JUDGES UNDER THE STANDARD FOR ITS BREED OR WHEN A MALE HAS BEEN DISQUALIFIED AS NOT HAVING TWO NORMAL TESTICLES (SEE THREE-TIME DISQUALIFICATION) A DOG, IN THE OPINION OF THE JUDGE, ATTACKS ANY PERSON(S) IN THE RING (SEE ONE-TIME DISQUALIFICATION). IN PERFORMANCE EVENTS: WHEN DOGS ARE REPORTED FOR HAVING ATTACKED ANOTHER DOG (TWO OR THREE TIMES, DEPENDING ON THE EVENT).
PERMANENT POSTSEE PERMANENT REFERRAL.
PERMANENT REFERRALTHE ACT OF PLACING A DOG OR LITTER ON HOLD INDEFINITELY BASED ON THE OUTCOME OF AN EBKC INQUIRY.
PIEBALDCOVERED WITH PATCHES OF TWO COLORS, ESPECIALLY BLACK AND WHITE. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
PIEDPATCHES OF WHITE AND ANOTHER COLOR. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
PIG EYESEYES SET TOO CLOSE.
PIG JAWSEE OVERSHOT.
PIGEON-BREASTA NARROW CHEST WITH A PROTRUDING BREASTBONE.
PIGEON-TOEDTOES POINTING IN TOWARD THE MID-LINE.
PILEDENSE UNDERCOAT OF SOFT HAIR.
POINTSCOLOR ON FACE, EARS, LEGS, AND TAIL WHEN CORRELATED; USUALLY WHITE, BLACK, OR TAN. IN EVENTS, CREDITS TOWARD CHAMPIONSHIP STATUS.
POKETO CARRY THE NECK STRETCHED FORWARD IN AN ABNORMALLY LOW, UNGAINLY POSITION, USUALLY WHEN MOVING.
POSTERIORTHE PORTION OF THE DOG CARRIED TOWARD THE REAR DURING NORMAL LOCOMOTION.
POUNDINGGAITING FAULT RESULTANT OF A DOG'S STRIDE BEING SHORTER IN THE FRONT THAN IN THE REAR; FOREFEET STRIKE THE GROUND HARD BEFORE THE REAR STRIDE IS EXPENDED.
POWER OF ATTORNEYWHEN A RECORDED OWNER GRANTS ANOTHER INDIVIDUAL THE AUTHORIZATION TO SIGN EBKC DOCUMENTS ON HIS/HER BEHALF.
POWER OF ATTORNEY FORMA FORM COMPLETED BY THE RECORDED OWNER TO GRANT ANOTHER PERSON AUTHORIZATION TO SIGN EBKC DOCUMENTS ON HIS/HER BEHALF.
PREMIUM LISTOFFICIAL ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE CLUB'S EVENT SENT TO PROSPECTIVE PARTICIPANTS. IT CONTAINS THE DETAILS OF AN UPCOMING EVENT.
PRICK EAREAR CARRIED ERECT, USUALLY POINTED AT THE TIP.
PRIVILEGESTHE ABILITY TO USE THE SERVICES OF THE EBKC, INCLUDING THE ABILITY TO REGISTER DOGS AND ENTER THEM IN EBKC EVENTS.
PROCESSED APPLICATIONANY EBKC DOCUMENT RECEIVED THAT WARRANTS A CHANGE ON A DOG OR LITTER RECORD.
PROFESSIONAL HANDLERA PERSON WHO EXHIBITS DOGS FOR A FEE.
PROFESSIONAL TRAINERA PERSON WHO TRAINS HUNTING DOGS AND WHO HANDLES DOGS IN FIELD EVENTS.
PRONG COLLARCOLLAR USED FOR TRAINING DOGS. IT HAS METAL PIECES ON IT THAT PINCH A DOG. IT IS AGAINST EBKC RULES TO USE THIS TYPE OF COLLAR ON THE SHOW GROUNDS. ALSO CALLED PINCH COLLAR.
PROVISIONAL JUDGETITLE ASSIGNED TO JUDGES WHILE THEY ARE BEING EVALUATED ON THEIR KNOWLEDGE OF DESIGNATED BREED(S) AND/OR LEVEL OF OBEDIENCE CLASS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CURRENT EBKC JUDGING APPROVAL SYSTEM.
PUMP HANDLELONG TAIL, CARRIED HIGH.
PUPPYA DOG UNDER 12 MONTHS OF AGE.
PUPPY CLASSA REGULAR CLASS FOR DOGS THAT ARE SIX MONTHS OF AGE OR OVER, BUT UNDER TWELVE MONTHS, THAT ARE NOT CHAMPIONS. PUPPY CLASSES MAY BE DIVIDED INTO THE 6-9 MONTH AND 9-12 MONTH CLASSES.
PUREBREDA DOG WHOSE SIRE AND DAM BELONG TO THE SAME BREED AND WHO ARE THEMSELVES OF UNMIXED DESCENT SINCE RECOGNITION OF THE BREED.
PUT DOWNTO PREPARE A DOG FOR THE SHOW RING. A DOG UNPLACED IN COMPETITION. TO EUTHANATIZE A DOG.
Q
QUALIFYING SCOREOBEDIENCE: A QUALIFYING SCORE IS COMPRISED OF SCORES OF MORE THAN 50% OF THE AVAILABLE POINTS IN EACH EXERCISE AND A FINAL SCORE OF 170 OR MORE POINTS, EARNED IN A SINGLE REGULAR CLASS AT A LICENSED OR MEMBER OBEDIENCE TRIAL OR SANCTIONED MATCH. PERFORMANCE: A GENERIC TERM MEANING THAT A DOG HAS MET, AT LEAST, THE MINIMUM STANDARD NECESSARY FOR QUALIFYING IN A CLASS OR TEST LEVEL AT LURE COURSING, HERDING, EARTHDOG, OR HUNTING TESTS.
QUALITYREFINEMENT, FINENESS, A DEGREE OF EXCELLENCE.
R
RACYTALL, OF COMPARATIVELY SLIGHT BUILD.
RADIUSONE OF THE TWO BONES OF THE FOREARM.
RAGGEDMUSCLES APPEAR RAGGED RATHER THAN SMOOTH.
RANGYTALL, LONG IN BODY, HIGH ON LEG, LIGHT-FRAMED; GANGLY.
RAT TAILTHE ROOT THICK AND COVERED WITH SOFT CURLS; AT THE TIP DEVOID OF HAIR, OR HAVING THE APPEARANCE OF BEING CLIPPED.
REACH OF FRONTLENGTH OF FORWARD STRIDE TAKEN BY FORELEGS.
REAR PASTERNTHE METATARSUS; THE REGION OF THE HINDQUARTERS BETWEEN THE HOCK AND THE FOOT.
RECORD KEEPING REQUIREMENTSTHE EBKC BOARD OF DIRECTORS' REQUIREMENT THAT EVERYONE WITH EBKC REGISTERED OR REGISTERABLE DOGS MAINTAIN THE REQUIRED RECORDS EXCEPT THOSE INDIVIDUALS WHO OWN ONLY ONE OR TWO DOGS AND NEVER BREED OR SELL THEM.
RECORD RECONSTRUCTIONA SERVICE PROVIDED FOR THOSE INDIVIDUALS WHOSE RECORDS HAVE BEEN LOST OR DESTROYED. THERE IS A €50 CHARGE PER HOUR OF WORK INVOLVED. RECORDS ARE NOT RECONSTRUCTED OVER THE TELEPHONE; A SIGNED STATEMENT MUST BE RECEIVED FROM THE PERSON REQUESTING THE INFORMATION.
RECORDED OWNER (R/O)PERSON LISTED ON EBKC RECORDS AS THE OWNER OF THE DOG.
RED SESAMERED WITH A SPARSE BLACK OVERLAY (SHIBA INU). COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
REFERRALA POSTING PLACED ON THE RECORDS FOR A DOG OR LITTER AS A RESULT OF AN INQUIRY. A REFERRAL MAY ALSO BE AN INTERNAL CODING FOR EBKC INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES.
REGISTERTO RECORD WITH THE EBKC A DOG'S BREEDING PARTICULARS.
REGISTERED NAMETHE NAME, SELECTED BY THE CUSTOMER, ASSIGNED TO A DOG AT THE TIME THE DOG REGISTRATION APPLICATION IS PROCESSED.
REGISTRATION CERTIFICATETHE DOCUMENT ISSUED BY THE EBKC TO THE OWNER OF A DOG WHEN IT IS INDIVIDUALLY REGISTERED OR TRANSFERRED TO A NEW OWNER.
REGISTRATION NUMBERUNIQUE NUMBER ASSIGNED TO A DOG WHEN IT IS INDIVIDUALLY REGISTERED. UNDER THE CURRENT REGISTRATION SYSTEM, THIS NUMBER IS THE LITTER NUMBER PLUS A SLASH MARK (/) AND A TWO-DIGIT NUMBER.
REGISTRIESORGANIZATIONS THAT KEEP OFFICIAL RECORDS ON SPECIFIC SUBJECTS. WITH RESPECT TO DOGS, THERE ARE REGISTRIES OF PUREBRED DOGS FOR TRACKING LINEAGE AND HEALTH REGISTRIES FOR RATING CERTAIN HEALTH CONDITIONS (E.G., ORTHOPEDIC FOUNDATION FOR ANIMALS, ETC.).
REGULAR CLASSSEE PRIMARY CLASS.
REGULATIONA PRINCIPLE RULE OR LAW DESIGNED TO GOVERN OR CONTROL.
REINSPECTIONAN INSPECTION CONDUCTED AT THE WRITTEN REQUEST OF THE CUSTOMER TO DETERMINE WHETHER OR NOT HE/SHE HAS BEEN ABLE TO BRING RECORDS AND/OR IDENTIFICATION INTO COMPLIANCE WITH THE EBKC'S RULES AND REGULATIONS. (A PRIOR INSPECTION FOUND THE CUSTOMER IN NONCOMPLIANCE.)
REINSTATETO RESTORE EBKC PRIVILEGES TO AN INDIVIDUAL OR DOG AS A RESULT OF COMPLIANCE WITH EBKC RULES AND REGULATIONS OR COMPLETION OF A SUSPENSION PERIOD.
REJECTIONANY EBKC DOCUMENT RECEIVED THAT IS INCOMPLETE OR NOT PROPERLY CONSTRUCTED. A REJECTION NOTICE IS ISSUED, EXPLAINING THE DISCREPANCY AND ASKING FOR PROPER COMPLETION.
REPRIMANDA SEVERE FORMAL OR OFFICIAL WARNING ISSUED TO THOSE INDIVIDUALS NOT IN COMPLIANCE WITH EBKC RULES.
REQUIRED RECORDSOWNERSHIP, BREEDING, OR LITTER RECORDS THAT INDIVIDUALS ARE REQUIRED TO KEEP AS STATED IN EBKC REGULATIONS FOR RECORD KEEPING AND IDENTIFICATION OF DOGS.
RESERVE WINNERSTHE AWARD GIVEN TO THE SECOND PLACE DOG OR BITCH IN THE WINNERS CLASS.
RIB CAGETHE COLLECTION OF PAIRED RIBS, CARTILAGE, STERNUM, AND ASSOCIATED TISSUE THAT DEFINE THE THORACIC REGION.
RIBBED UPLONG RIBS THAT ANGLE BACK FROM THE SPINAL COLUMN. A REFERENCE TO A LONG RIB CAGE.
RING TAILCARRIED UP AND AROUND ALMOST IN A CIRCLE.
RINGERA SUBSTITUTE FOR; A DOG CLOSELY RESEMBLING ANOTHER DOG.
ROACH BACKA CONVEX CURVATURE OF THE BACK INVOLVING THORACIC AND LUMBAR REGIONS.
ROANFREQUENTLY A BLUE-GRAY OR IRON-GRAY, THIS COLOR IS THE FINE MIXING OF COLORED HAIRS WITH WHITE HAIRS. FOR EXAMPLE, A BLUE ROAN IS A COAT COMPRISED OF BLACK AND WHITE HAIRS. (NOTE: THIS IS THE SAME DEFINITION AS THE BELTON COLOR IN ENGLISH SETTERS.) COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
ROCKING HORSEBOTH FRONT AND REAR LEGS EXTENDED OUT FROM THE BODY AS ON AN OLD-FASHIONED ROCKING HORSE.
ROLLING GAITSWAYING, AMBLING ACTION OF THE HINDQUARTERS WHEN MOVING.
ROMAN NOSEA NOSE WHOSE BRIDGE IS SO COMPARATIVELY HIGH AS TO FORM A SLIGHTLY CONVEX LINE FROM FOREHEAD TO NOSE TIP. RAM'S NOSE.
ROSE EARA SMALL DROP EAR THAT FOLDS OVER AND BACK SO AS TO REVEAL THE BURR.
ROUNDINGCUTTING OR TRIMMING THE ENDS OF THE EAR LEATHER.
RUBYA RICH, MAHOGANY RED (ENGLISH TOY SPANIEL). COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
RUDDERTHE TAIL OR STERN.
RUFFTHICK, LONGER HAIR GROWING AROUND THE NECK.
RULE BOOK(S)BOTH THE RULES APPLYING TO REGISTRATION & DISCIPLINE AND THE RULES APPLYING TO DOG SHOWS AS WELL AS VARIOUS SETS OF OBEDIENCE AND FIELD TRIAL RULES. THERE ARE ALSO A NUMBER OF RULE BOOKS RELATING TO SPECIFIC EVENTS.
RUSTUSED TO DESCRIBE SEVERAL BREEDS, THIS COLOR IS A MEDIUM-BRILLIANT REDDISH BROWN. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
S
SABER TAILCARRIED IN A SEMICIRCLE.
SABLECOAT COLOR PRODUCED BY BLACK-TIPPED HAIRS ON A BACKGROUND OF SILVER, GOLD, GRAY, FAWN, OR BROWN.
SACRUMTHE REGION OF THE VERTEBRAL COLUMN THAT CONSISTS OF THREE FUSED VERTEBRAE THAT ARTICULATE THE PELVIC GIRDLE.
SADDLEMARKINGS IN THE SHAPE OF A SADDLE OVER THE BACK. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
SADDLE BACKOVERLONG BACK, WITH A DIP BEHIND THE WITHERS.
SANCTIONED CLUBCLUB HOLDING PLAN B AND PLAN A LEVEL MATCHES FOR THE PURPOSE OF QUALIFYING TO HOLD LICENSED EVENTS.
SANDYUSED TO DESCRIBE SEVERAL BREEDS, THIS COLOR IS A DULL, YELLOWISH GRAY OF MEDIUM SATURATION. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
SCENTTHE ODOR LEFT BY AN ANIMAL OR BIRD ON THE TRAIL (GROUND-SCENT) OR WAFTED THROUGH THE AIR (AIR-BORNE SCENT).
SCISSORS BITEA BITE IN WHICH THE OUTER SIDE OF THE LOWER INCISORS TOUCHES THE INNER SIDE OF THE UPPER INCISORS.
SCREW TAILA NATURALLY SHORT TAIL TWISTED IN MORE OR LESS SPIRAL FORMATION.
SEALUSED TO DESCRIBE BOSTON TERRIERS, THIS COLOR APPEARS BLACK EXCEPT THAT IT HAS A RED CAST WHEN VIEWED IN THE SUN OR BRIGHT LIGHT. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
SECOND THIGHTHAT PART OF THE HINDQUARTERS FROM THE STIFLE TO THE HOCK, CORRESPONDING TO THE HUMAN SHIN AND CALF. LOWER THIGH, INCLUDING THE TIBIA AND FIBULA.
SECONDARY CLASSA DIVISION OF THE REGULAR OR PRIMARY CLASS. THE DIVISION CAN BE BREED-SPECIFIC, HAVING TO DO WITH COLOR, HEIGHT, WEIGHT, OR COAT (E.G., OPEN-FAWN), OR EVENT-SPECIFIC (E.G., NOVICE A OR B IN OBEDIENCE EVENTS). BEST OF BREED OR BEST OF VARIETY ARE NOT DIVIDED INTO SECONDARY CLASSES. SECONDARY CLASSES ARE OFFERED AT THE DISCRETION OF THE EVENT COMMITTEE OF THE CLUB HOLDING THE EVENT.
SEDGEUSED TO DESCRIBE CHESAPEAKE BAY RETRIEVERS, THIS COLOR IS SIMILAR TO DEADGRASS, BUT IT IS MORE ACCURATELY A LIGHTENING OF THE CHOCOLATE HUE. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
SELF COLORONE COLOR OR WHOLE COLOR EXCEPT FOR LIGHTER SHADINGS. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
SEMI-PRICK EARSEARS CARRIED ERECT WITH JUST THE TIPS LEANING FORWARD.
SEPTUMTHE LINE EXTENDING VERTICALLY BETWEEN THE NOSTRILS.
SET UPPOSED AS TO MAKE THE MOST OF THE DOG'S APPEARANCE FOR THE SHOW RING.
SHELLYA SHALLOW, NARROW BODY, LACKING THE CORRECT AMOUNT OF BONE.
SHORT BACKSEE CLOSE COUPLED.
SHOW CAUSE HEARINGA PROCEEDING SIMILAR TO A TRIAL BOARD HEARING, WITH ONE PERSON PRESIDING, TO DETERMINE DISCIPLINARY ACTION FOR AN INDIVIDUAL.
SHOW CHAIRMANSEE EVENT CHAIRMAN.
SHOW HOURSSEE EVENT HOURS.
SHOW SECRETARYSEE EVENT SECRETARY.
SICKLE HOCKEDINABILITY TO STRAIGHTEN THE HOCK JOINT ON THE BACK REACH OF THE HIND LEG.
SINGLE TRACKINGALL FOOTPRINTS FALLING ON A SINGLE LINE OF TRAVEL. WHEN A DOG BREAKS INTO A TROT, HIS BODY IS SUPPORTED BY ONLY TWO LEGS AT A TIME, WHICH MOVE AS ALTERNATING DIAGONAL PAIRS. TO ACHIEVE BALANCE, HIS LEGS ANGLE INWARD TOWARD A CENTER LINE BENEATH HIS BODY, AND THE GREATER THE SPEED, THE CLOSER THEY COME TO TRACKING ON A SINGLE LINE.
SIRETHE MALE PARENT.
SKELETONDESCRIPTIVELY DIVIDED INTO AXIAL (SKULL, VERTEBRAE COLUMN, CHEST) AND APPENDICULAR (FOREQUARTERS, HINDQUARTERS) PORTIONS.
SKULLYTHICK AND COURSE THROUGH THE SKULL.
SLAB SIDEDFLAT RIBS WITH TOO LITTLE SPRING FROM THE SPINAL COLUMN.
SLEW FEETFEET TURNED OUT.
SLOPING SHOULDERTHE SHOULDER BLADE SET OBLIQUELY OR LAID BACK.
SMOOTH COATSHORT HAIR, CLOSE LYING.
SNATCHING HOCKSA GAIT FAULT INDICATED BY A QUICK OUTWARD SNATCHING OF THE HOCK AS IT PASSES THE SUPPORTING LEG AND TWISTS THE REAR PASTERN FAR IN BENEATH THE BODY. THE ACTION CAUSES NOTICEABLE ROCKING IN THE REAR QUARTERS.
SNIPYA POINTED, WEAK MUZZLE, LACKING BREADTH AND DEPTH.
SNOW NOSENOSE NORMALLY SOLID BLACK, BUT ACQUIRES PINK STREAK IN WINTER. ALSO CALLED WINTER NOSE.
SOUNDNESSTHE STATE OF MENTAL AND PHYSICAL HEALTH WHEN ALL ORGANS AND FACULTIES ARE COMPLETE AND FUNCTIONING NORMALLY, EACH IN ITS RIGHTFUL RELATION TO THE OTHER.
SPAYTO REMOVE A BITCH'S OVARIES TO PREVENT CONCEPTION.
SPEAKTO BARK.
SPECIAL ATTRACTIONAN EVENT OR CLASS, RESTRICTED TO PUREBRED DOGS, THAT IS NOT NORMALLY OFFERED AT AN EBKC ALL-BREED OR SPECIALTY EVENT.
SPECIAL REGISTRY SERVICESA DEPARTMENT THAT SPECIALIZES IN HANDLING ANYTHING OUTSIDE THE NORMAL DOMESTIC REGISTRATION; E.G., FOREIGN APPLICATIONS, OPEN REGISTRY, AND SPECIAL LITTERS.
SPECIALTY CLUBA CLUB FORMED TO SERVE AND RESPONSIBLY PROMOTE THE INTERESTS OF A SINGLE BREED.
SPECIALTY SHOWCONFORMATION SHOW IN WHICH ONLY DOGS OF AN INDIVIDUAL BREED OR GROUP OF BREEDS ARE ELIGIBLE TO ENTER.
SPECTACLESSHADINGS OR DARK MARKINGS OVER OR AROUND THE EYES OR FROM EYES TO EARS.
SPEEDY DISCIPLINEA BOARD ACTION, WHEREBY, WHEN AN INDIVIDUAL DOES NOT CONTEST HIS/HER SUSPENSION, HE/SHE IS SUSPENDED WITHOUT BENEFIT OF TRIAL.
SPIKE TAILSTRAIGHT, SHORT TAIL THAT TAPERS RAPIDLY ALONG ITS LENGTH.
SPLASHEDIRREGULARLY PATCHED, COLOR ON WHITE OR WHITE ON COLOR.
SPLAYFOOTA FLAT FOOT WITH TOES SPREADING. OPEN FOOT, OPEN-TOED.
SPREADWIDTH BETWEEN THE FORELEGS WHEN ACCENTUATED.
SPREAD HOCKSHOCKS POINTING OUTWARD.
SPRINGSEE FLUSH.
SPRING OF RIBSCURVATURE OF RIBS FOR HEART AND LUNG CAPACITY.
SQUARE BODYA DOG WHOSE MEASUREMENTS FROM WITHERS TO GROUND EQUALS THAT FROM FORECHEST TO RUMP.
SQUIRREL TAILCARRIED UP AND CURVING MORE OR LESS FORWARD.
STACK (SETUP, POSE)THE POSING OF A DOG IN A NATURAL POSITION.
STAG REDDEEP RED (ALMOST BROWN) WITH INTERMINGLING OF BLACK HAIRS (MINIATURE PINSCHER). COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
STAKEDESIGNATION OF A CLASS; USED IN FIELD TRIAL COMPETITION.
STANCEMANNER OF STANDING.
STANDARDSEE BREED STANDARD.
STATEMENT OF LEGAL RIGHTSA FORM TO BE COMPLETED BY A PERSON AUTHORIZED TO SIGN FOR A DECEDENT AND USED IN LIEU OF A COURT DOCUMENT. THE FORM MUST BE NOTARIZED.
STATIONCOMPARATIVE HEIGHT FROM THE GROUND, AS HIGH-STATIONED, LOW STATIONED.
STEEPUSED TO DENOTE INCORRECT ANGLES OF ARTICULATION. FOR EXAMPLE, A STEEP FRONT DESCRIBES A MORE UPRIGHT SHOULDER PLACEMENT THAN IS PREFERRED.
STERNTAIL.
STERNUMBREASTBONE.
STEWARDPERSON WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE SMOOTH RUNNING OF A SPECIFIC RING; FOR EXAMPLE, ASSEMBLING THE CLASSES, DISTRIBUTING ARMBANDS, ETC., THEREBY ENABLING THE JUDGE TO CONCENTRATE ON JUDGING THE DOGS.
STIFLETHE JOINT OF THE HIND LEG BETWEEN THE THIGH AND THE SECOND THIGH. THE DOG'S KNEE.
STILTEDTHE CHOPPY, UP-AND-DOWN GAIT OF THE STRAIGHT-HOCKED DOG.
STOPTHE STEP UP FROM MUZZLE TO BACK SKULL; INDENTATION BETWEEN THE EYES WHERE THE NASAL BONES AND CRANIUM MEET.
STRAIGHT IN PASTERNLITTLE OR NO BEND AT THE WRIST.
STRAIGHT SHOULDERSTHE SHOULDER BLADES RATHER STRAIGHT UP AND DOWN, AS OPPOSED TO SLOPING OR WELL LAID BACK.
STRAIGHT-HOCKEDLACKING APPRECIABLE ANGULATION AT THE HOCK JOINTS.
STUD BOOKMONTHLY PUBLICATION OF THE EBKC. A LISTING OF DOGS THAT HAVE SIRED OR PRODUCED A LITTER THAT HAS BEEN REGISTERED WITH THE EBKC. WITH THIS INFORMATION, A PERSON CAN USE STUD BOOK VOLUMES TO TRACE A DOG'S LINEAGE AND TO PRODUCE PEDIGREES.
STUD DOGA MALE DOG USED FOR BREEDING PURPOSES.
STUD DOG CLASSCLASS WHERE A STUD DOG IS SHOWN AND JUDGED WITH AT LEAST TWO OF HIS OFFSPRING. JUDGING IS BASED ON THE QUALITY OF THE GET, NOT THE SIRE. (CLUB MAY PERMIT MORE OFFSPRING TO BE SHOWN. THE UPPER LIMIT MUST BE STATED IN THE PREMIUM LIST.)
STUD DOG POWER OF ATTORNEY FORMA COMPLETED FORM (USED PRIMARILY BY HANDLERS) THAT AUTHORIZES THE EBKC TO ACCEPT THE SIGNATURE OF SOMEONE OTHER THAN THE ACTUAL OWNER OF THE STUD DOG NAMED. THIS FORM CAN BE USED ONLY ON LITTER APPLICATIONS FOR LITTERS SIRED BY THAT DOG. THE FORM IS VALID FOR ONE YEAR; A NEW FORM MUST BE FILED TO EXTEND AUTHORIZATION.
STUD FEEPAYMENT MADE FOR THE SERVICES OF A STUD DOG.
SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE BOARDA SUBDIVISION CONSISTING OF THREE MEMBERS OF THE BOARD, WHICH IS ORGANIZED FOR THE SPECIFIC PURPOSE OF HEARING PRIVILEGES (EBKC PRIVILEGES) APPEALS.
SUBSTANCEBONE.
SUBSTITUTION OF A DOGENTERING A SPECIFIC DOG IN AN EBKC EVENT AND PHYSICALLY USING A DIFFERENT DOG AT THE EVENT.
SUPERCILIARY ARCHESTHE RIDGE, PROJECTION, OR PROMINENCE OF THE FRONTAL BONES OF THE SKULL OVER THE EYES; THE BROW; SUPRAORBITAL RIDGES.
SUPERINTENDENTAN INDIVIDUAL LICENSED BY THE EBKC AND HIRED BY A CLUB/HOST TO BE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE ACTUAL MECHANICS OF HOLDING AN EVENT.
SUPPLEMENTAL TRANSFER STATEMENTTHE FORM THAT MUST BE COMPLETED BY THE CURRENT OWNER AND THE NEW OWNER WHEN A REGISTERED OR REGISTERABLE DOG CHANGES HANDS MORE THAN ONCE BEFORE BEING TRANSFERRED OR REGISTERED. THIS FORM IS ATTACHED TO THE ORIGINAL REGISTRATION CERTIFICATE OR APPLICATION. ALSO CALLED THE GRAY FORM.
SUSPENSIONTHE INABILITY TO USE ANY OF THE FACILITIES OR PRIVILEGES OF THE EBKC.
SUSPENSION TROTSEE FLYING TROT.
SWAYBACKCONCAVE CURVATURE OF THE VERTEBRAE COLUMN BETWEEN THE WITHERS AND THE HIPBONES.
SWEEPSTAKESA NON-REGULAR COMPETITION OFFERED IN CONJUNCTION WITH REGULAR CLASSES AT SPECIALTY SHOWS FOR PUPPIES OR VETERANS. CLASS DIVISIONS, REQUIREMENTS, AND CONDITIONS ARE ESTABLISHED BY THE CLUB. NO CHAMPIONSHIP POINTS ARE AWARDED.
SYMMETRYPLEASING BALANCE BETWEEN ALL PARTS OF THE DOG.
T
TAIL SETHOW THE BASE OF THE TAIL IS SET ON THE RUMP.
TATTOOA METHOD OF ON-DOG IDENTIFICATION.
TEAMUSUALLY, FOUR DOGS EXHIBITED BY ONE HANDLER.
TERRIER FRONTSTRAIGHT FRONT AS FOUND ON FOX TERRIERS.
TERRIER GROUPA GROUP OF DOGS USED ORIGINALLY FOR HUNTING VERMIN.
TESTICLESTHE MALE GONADS, WHICH PRODUCE SPERMATOZA. EBKC REGULATIONS SPECIFY THAT A MALE THAT DOES NOT HAVE TWO NORMAL TESTICLES NORMALLY LOCATED IN THE SCROTUM MAY NOT COMPETE AT ANY SHOW AND WILL BE DISQUALIFIED, EXCEPT THAT A CASTRATED MALE MAY BE ENTERED IN OBEDIENCE TRIALS, TRACKING TESTS, FIELD TRIALS (EXCEPT BEAGLES), AND AS A STUD DOG IN A STUD DOG CLASS.
THIGHTHE HINDQUARTER FROM HIP TO STIFLE.
THORACIC VERTEBRAETHE THIRTEEN VERTEBRAE OF THE CHEST WITH WHICH THIRTEEN PAIRS OF RIBS ARTICULATE.
THREE-TIME DISQUALIFICATIONCONFORMATION: PERMANENT DISQUALIFICATION AS A RESULT OF BEING DISQUALIFIED FOR THE SAME REASON ON THREE SEPARATE OCCASIONS BY THREE DIFFERENT JUDGES. REASONS FOR DISQUALIFICATION INCLUDE:UNDESCENDED TESTICLES TESTICLES NOT PRESENT HEIGHT NOT AS SPECIFIED IN THE BREED STANDARD WEIGHT NOT AS SPECIFIED IN THE BREED STANDARD COLOR NOT AS SPECIFIED IN THE BREED STANDARD
THROATINESSAN EXCESS OF LOOSE SKIN UNDER THE THROAT.
THUMB MARKSBLACK SPOTS ON THE REGION OF THE PASTERN.
TIBIAONE OF THE TWO BONES OF THE LEG (I.E., THE LOWER THIGH, SECOND THIGH, OR LOWER LEG).
TICKEDSMALL, ISOLATED AREAS (SMALLER THAN SPOTS) OF BLACK OR COLORED HAIRS ON A WHITE BACKGROUND. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
TIED AT THE ELBOWSSEE PADDLING.
TITLEAN AWARD CONFERRED ON A DOG FOR COMPLETING SPECIFIC QUALIFICATIONS EARNED AT EBKC EVENTS OR EBKC-SPONSORED ACTIVITIES. MORE INFORMATION ON EBKC TITLES AND ABBREVIATIONS.
TOPLINETHE DOG'S OUTLINE FROM JUST BEHIND THE WITHERS TO THE TAIL SET.
TRAINING COLLARA COLLAR MADE OF NYLON, LEATHER, OR CHAIN, FITTED TO THE DOG'S NECK IN SUCH A MANNER THAT THE DEGREE OF TENSION EXERTED BY THE HAND TIGHTENS OR LOOSENS IT. ALSO CALLED CHOKE COLLAR OR SLIP COLLAR.
TRIANGULAR EYETHE EYE SET IN SURROUNDING TISSUE OF TRIANGULAR SHAPE; THREE-CORNERED EYE.
TRICOLORTHREE COLORS IN THE COAT: WHITE, BLACK, AND TAN . COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
TRIMTO GROOM THE COAT BY PLUCKING OR CLIPPING.
TROTA RHYTHMIC TWO-BEAT DIAGONAL GAIT IN WHICH THE FEET AT DIAGONAL OPPOSITE ENDS OF THE BODY STRIKE THE GROUND TOGETHER; I.E., RIGHT HIND WITH LEFT FRONT AND LEFT HIND WITH RIGHT FRONT.
TRUMPETTHE SLIGHT DEPRESSION OR HOLLOW ON EITHER SIDE OF THE SKULL JUST BEHIND THE ORBIT OR EYE SOCKET; THE REGION COMPARABLE WITH THE TEMPLE IN MAN.
TRUNCATEDCUT OFF.
TUCK-UPCHARACTERIZED BY MARKEDLY SHALLOWER BODY DEPTH AT THE LOIN. SMALL-WAISTED.
TULIP EARAN EAR CARRIED ERECT WITH EDGES CURVING IN AND FORWARD.
TURN-UPAN UP-TILTED FOREFACE.
TWELVE-TO-EIGHTEEN MONTH CLASSA REGULAR CLASS FOR DOGS THAT ARE 12 MONTHS OF AGE AND OVER, BUT UNDER 18 MONTHS, THAT ARE NOT CHAMPIONS.
TWISTING HOCKSA GAITING FAULT IN WHICH THE HOCK JOINTS TWIST BOTH WAYS AS THEY FLEX OR BEAR WEIGHT. ALSO CALLED RUBBER HOCKS.
TYPESUM OF QUALITIES THAT DISTINGUISH DOGS OF ONE BREED (BREED TYPE) OR DOGS FROM ONE KENNEL (KENNEL TYPE) FROM OTHERS.
U
ULNAONE OF THE TWO BONES OF THE FOREARM.
UNDERAGE DAMDAM UNDER TWELVE MONTHS OF AGE AT THE TIME OF MATING.
UNDERAGE SIRESIRE UNDER EIGHT MONTHS OF AGE AT THE TIME OF MATING.
UNDERLINETHE COMBINED CONTOURS OF THE BRISKET AND THE ABDOMINAL FLOOR.
UNDERSHOTTHE FRONT TEETH (INCISORS) OF THE LOWER JAW OVERLAPPING OR PROJECTING BEYOND THE FRONT TEETH OF THE UPPER JAW WHEN THE MOUTH IS CLOSED.
UNENTERED DOGTERM USED TO DESCRIBE DOGS THAT ARE THE SHOW GROUNDS BUT ARE NOT ENTERED AT THE SHOW.
UNILATERAL CRYPTORCHIDSEE CRYPTORCHID.
UNSOUNDA DOG INCAPABLE OF PERFORMING THE FUNCTIONS FOR WHICH IT WAS BRED.
UPPER ARMTHE HUMERUS OR BONE OF THE FORELEG, BETWEEN THE SHOULDER BLADE AND THE FOREARM AND ASSOCIATED TISSUES.
V
VARIETYA DIVISION OF A BREED APPROVED BY THE EBKC.
VARMINTYA KEEN, VERY BRIGHT OR PIERCING EXPRESSION.
VEILTHE PORTION OF THE DOG'S FORELOCK HANGING STRAIGHT DOWN OVER THE EYES OR PARTIALLY COVERING THEM.
VENTTHE ANAL OPENING.
VERTEBRAL COLUMNTHE BONES OF THE CENTRAL AXIS OF THE DOG POSTERIOR TO THE SKULL, INCLUDING CERVICAL, THORACIC, LUMBAR, SACRAL, AND CAUDAL VERTEBRAE.
VETERANS CLASSCLASS FOR DOGS OLDER THAN A MINIMUM AGE REQUIREMENT. EACH CLUB ESTABLISHES ITS OWN AGE REQUIREMENTS FOR THIS CLASS.
W
WALKGAITING PATTERN IN WHICH THREE LEGS ARE IN SUPPORT OF THE BODY AT ALL TIMES, EACH FOOT LIFTING FROM THE GROUND ONE AT A TIME IN REGULAR SEQUENCE.
WALLEYEAN EYE WITH A WHITISH IRIS; A BLUE EYE, FISHEYE, PEARL EYE.
WARNING LETTERONE OF FOUR DIFFERENT LETTERS THAT ADVISE AN INDIVIDUAL OF THE EXTENT OF THEIR NONCOMPLIANCE WITH EBKC RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR RECORD KEEPING AND IDENTIFICATION.
WEBBEDCONNECTED BY A MEMBRANE.
WEEDYAN INSUFFICIENT AMOUNT OF BONE; LIGHT BONED.
WELL LET DOWNHAVING SHORT HOCKS; REFERS TO SHORT METATARSALS.
WET NECKLOOSE OR SUPERFLUOUS SKIN; WITH DEWLAP.
WHEATENPALE YELLOW OR FAWN COLOR. THE COLOR OF WHEAT. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
WHEEL BACKA MARKED ARCH OF THE THORACIC AND LUMBAR VERTEBRAE.
WHELP DATETHE DATE OF BIRTH OF A LITTER.
WHELPINGTHE ACT OF BIRTHING PUPPIES.
WHIP TAILCARRIED OUT STIFFLY STRAIGHT AND POINTED.
WHISKERSVIBRISSAE OR SENSORY ORGANS (HAIRS) ON THE SIDES OF THE MUZZLE.
WHITELIESBODY COLOR WHITE WITH RED OR DARK MARKINGS. COLOR DEFINITIONS MAY VARY BY BREED. ALWAYS CHECK THE BREED STANDARD FOR THE DEFINITIVE COLOR DESCRIPTION.
WICKETDEVICE USED TO MEASURE THE HEIGHT OF A DOG AT THE WITHERS.
WINGINGA GAITING FAULT WHERE ONE OR BOTH FRONT FEET TWIST OUTWARD AS THE LIMBS SWING FORWARD.
WINNERSAN AWARD GIVEN AT DOG SHOWS TO THE BEST DOG (WINNERS DOG) AND BEST BITCH (WINNERS BITCH) COMPETING IN REGULAR CLASSES.
WINNERS CLASSA REGULAR CLASS DIVIDED BY SEX, WITH EACH DIVISION OPEN TO DOGS OF THE SAME SEX THAT HAVE WON FIRST PRIZES IN EITHER THE PUPPY, TWELVE-TO-EIGHTEEN MONTH, NOVICE, BRED-BY-EXHIBITOR, AMERICAN-BRED OR OPEN CLASSES.
WINTER NOSESEE SNOWNOSE.
WIREHAIRA COAT OF HARD, CRISP, WIRY TEXTURE.
WITHERSHIGHEST POINT OF A DOG'S SHOULDERS.
WITHHOLDINGDECISION OF A JUDGE NOT TO GIVE AN AWARD OR PLACEMENT IN A CLASS AT ANY POINT IN THE JUDGING PROCESS.
WORKING GROUPGROUP OF DOGS USED TO PULL CARTS, GUARD PROPERTY, AND FOR SEARCH AND RESCUE.
WRINKLELOOSE, FOLDING SKIN ON FOREHEAD AND FOREFACE.
WRY MOUTHASYMMETRICAL ALIGNMENT OF UPPER AND LOWER JAWS; CROSS BITE.